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A total of 147 patients were divided into the experimental treatment group (n = 78) and the standard triple treatment group (n = 69). The experimental treatment group received rabeprazole 20 mg, amoxicillin 1.0 g, levofloxacin 0.2 g and furazolidone 0.1 g, twice daily. The standard triple treatment group received omeprazole 20 mg, amoxicillin 1.0 g and clarithromycin 0.5 g, twice daily.
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been known to cause bradycardia. We evaluated the effect of three PPIs, i.e. omeprazole, rabeprazole and pantoprazole on the heart rate of frog. The in situ frog heart preparation was set up. Heart rate and amplitude of contraction were studied following administration of different doses of the three PPIs. Statistical analysis was done by using Graphpad statistical software system. After 1 mg of omeprazole and rabeprazole, and 2 mg pantoprazole, the heart rate was similar as compared to baseline (p >0.05). After 2 mg of omeprazole and rabeprazole, and 4 mg pantoprazole, the reduction in heart rate was significant (p <0.05). In addition, pantoprazole caused negative ionotropic effect. The three PPIs showed a dose-dependent negative chronotropic effect in the frog heart prepration.
A new simple, economical, rapid, precise and accurate method for simultaneous determination of rabeprazole sodium and itopride hydrochloride in capsule dosage form has been developed. The method is based on ratio spectra derivative spectrophotometry. The amplitudes in the first derivative of the corresponding ratio spectra at 231nm (minima) and 260nm were selected to determine rabeprazole sodium and itopride hydrochloride, respectively. The method was validated with respect to linearity, precision and accuracy.
Omeprazole and rabeprazole were equally effective in combination with amoxicillin in eradicating H. pylori, irrespective of the PPI used (omeprazole or rabeprazole) and CYP2C19 genetic polymorphism. Smoking significantly decreased the cure rate of H. pylori infection in the dual therapy.
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Extended pH recording improves the detection of abnormal acid reflux and increases the number of recorded symptoms and acid reflux events. Combined off and on PPI therapy pH testing enhances the interpretation of pH monitoring and symptom-reflux correlations, which can be helpful in the management of patients with PPI-unresponsive gastroesophageal acid reflux symptoms.
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Rabeprazole was an effective and well-tolerated treatment for Zollinger-Ellison syndrome or idiopathic gastric acid hypersecretion, which reliably reduced gastric acid output to safe levels. Although a dose of 60 mg once daily was appropriate for most patients in this study, doses may need adjustment according to individual response.
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Sixteen 8-week old male Wistar rats underwent total gastrectomy and esophagoduodenostomy to induce esophageal reflux of duodenal juice. In 5 rats, the sham operation induced a midline laparotomy alone. One week following surgery, they were treated with control (saline) or PPI (rabeprazole) (30mg/kg) ip. Three weeks after operation, all rats were euthanized and the esophagus was evaluated histologically. Esophageal injury was evaluated by macroscopic and microscopic findings, and expression of COX2 and PGE2. Esophageal washing was aspirated for the evaluation of bile acid activity.
The open-label, two period cross-over study was conducted in 20 healthy Chinese subjects with different CYP2C19 genotypes receiving clopidogrel, rabeprazole or the two drugs, respectively. All the volunteers were divided into two groups, poor metabolizers (PMs) and extensive metabolizers (EMs), depending on CYP2C19 genotypes. Blood samples were collected at baseline and at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 h after administration. The plasma concentrations of rabeprazole and clopidogrel were analyzed by LC-MS/MS and ADP-induced platelet aggregation was detected by the optical turbidimetric method.
Fifty-eight Helicobacter pylori-positive ulcer patients received omeprazole 20 mg (n = 15), or lansoprazole 30 mg (n = 23), lansoprazole 60 mg (n = 13), or E3810 20 mg (n = 7) q.d. Another 63 H. pylori-positive ulcer patients received lansoprazole and clarithromycin for 2 weeks. Patients received lansoprazole 30 mg and clarithromycin 400 mg (group 1, n = 22), lansoprazole 30 mg and clarithromycin 800 mg (group 2, n = 12), or lansoprazole 60 mg and clarithromycin 800 mg (group 3, n = 29). Neither proton pump inhibitor (PPI) was capable of eradication by monotherapy, but the clearance rates in the lansoprazole group were 60.9 and 69.2%, which were higher than those for omeprazole (p < 0.05). In the dual therapy, eradication rates were 50, 50, and 72.4% in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Minor side effects were observed in one case each in groups 1 and 3. Lansoprazole monotherapy proved more efficacious than omeprazole monotherapy, but it was unable to eradicate H. pylori. Dual therapy with lansoprazole 60 mg and clarithromycin 800 mg was an efficacious and safe regimen for H. pylori eradication in this study.
To compare the antisecretory activity of low-dose rabeprazole and omeprazole in healthy, Helicobacter pylori-negative subjects.