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Also known as:  Trihexyphenidyl.

Description

Artane is used to treat the stiffness, tremors, spasms, and poor muscle control of Parkinson's disease. It is also used to treat and prevent the same muscular conditions when they are caused by drugs such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine), fluphenazine (Prolixin), perphenazine (Trilafon), haloperidol (Haldol), thiothixene (Navane), and others.

name of Artane is Trihexyphenidyl.

Artane is also known as Trihexyphenidyl, Triphen.

Brand name of Artane is Artane.

Dosage

Take Artane by mouth before or after meals.

If Artane tends to dry your mouth excessively, it may be better to take it before meals, unless it causes nausea. If taken after meals, thirst can be improved by sucking hard sugarless candy, chewing gum, or drinking water.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Artane suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Artane and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Artane are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Artane if you are allergic to Artane components.

Be very careful with Artane if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding.

Artane may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting. Alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.

Do not become overheated in hot weather or while you are being active. Heatstroke may occur.

Lab tests, including eye exams, may be performed while you use Artane. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Avoid alcohol.

Avoid driving machine.

It can be dangerous to stop Artane taking suddenly.

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A new capillary electrophoresis method to determine simultaneously eight of the most important anti-Parkinson's disease compounds has been developed. The generic names of the drugs studied are benactyzine (BA), trihexyphenidyl (TP), fenpiverin (FP), diphemin (DF), scopolamine (BL), adiphenine (TS), diethylaminoethylester 1-phenylcyclopentane-1-carboxylate (EKK), and diethylaminoethylester tetramethoxydiphenylacetate (EKO). An untreated fused-silica capillary tube (75 microns i.d., 57 cm total length, 49.5 cm length to the detector) was used with detection at 190 nm. The optimal separation conditions were 50 mM phosphate buffer (pH 2.7) with 7 mM-beta-cyclodextrin, electrokinetic injection for 15 sec at 5 kV, temperature 25 degrees C, and 15-20 kV separation voltage. Complete separation of all compounds was achieved in less than 16 min. The procedure was applied for the determination in urine and serum. The limits of detection (LOD, S/N = 3) for serum were 209 (FP), 234 (EKO), 168 (DF), 182 (BA), 168 (TP), 220 (BL), 174 (TS), and 163 (EKK) ppb. The method can be used for the therapeutic drug monitoring of these central active cholinolytics in clinical laboratories.

artane drug

Risperidone and ziprasidone are commonly used as first line drugs for the treatment of psychotic disorders and overdose with these agents is increasingly being reported. Relatively few of these reports have involved co-ingestion of multiple psychotropic agents. We report a case of overdose with risperidone, ziprasidone, valproate, trihexyphenidyl and clonazepam in a 25 years female, who recovered uneventfully with supportive management. Notwithstanding the benign outcome in this instance, age, co-ingested drugs, active metabolites and medical co-morbidity are critical issues in overdose with atypical antipsychotics. As prescription of these drugs continues to increase in developing countries, systematic studies evaluating their clinical toxicity and management are necessary. The issues associated with overdose of multiple psychotropic agents and appropriate management policies are highlighted.

artane drug wikipedia

The most effective treatment that addresses the cause of sialorrhea in children with cerebral palsy is training of sensory awareness and oral motor skills, performed by a speech therapist. Botulinum toxin injection and the use of anticholinergics have a transient effect and are adjuvant to speech therapy; they should be considered in cases of moderate to severe sialorrhea or respiratory complications. Atropine sulfate is inexpensive and appears to have good clinical response combined with good safety profile. The use of trihexyphenidyl for the treatment of sialorrhea can be considered in dyskinetic forms of cerebral palsy or in selected cases.

artane medication class

To examine whether acute dystonia is induced by neuroleptic treatment, common marmosets were treated with haloperidol orally twice a week over 25 weeks until dystonic behavior was elicited. Movement disorders such as acute dystonia were observed 6 weeks after the initial treatment, and had appeared in all treated animals by 25 weeks. Once these movement disorders were induced, they consistently reappeared after further treatment with haloperidol, and once haloperidol dosing was discontinued, the episodes vanished. Then, various neuroleptic drugs (bromperidol, chlorpromazine, risperidone thioridazine, sulpiride, tiapride, and clozapine) or a nonneuroleptic drug (diazepam) were administered orally instead of haloperidol in the above animals. All the neuroleptic drugs except for clozapine elicited similar abnormal behavior, while diazepam failed to induce any dystonia. An anticholinergic drug, trihexyphenidyl, which is known to reduce acute dystonia in patients, was also given orally to the above haloperidol-sensitized animals, followed by further treatment with haloperidol 30 min later. This clearly suppressed the induction of dystonia by haloperidol. The similarity between these findings for haloperidol-pretreated common marmosets and clinical findings suggests that the present model is useful for predicting the potential of antipsychotics to induce acute dystonia in humans.

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Biperiden (BPR) and trihexyphenidyl (THP), the current antimuscarinic drugs of choice in the management of parkinsonism, have been shown to exert anticonvulsant effects induced by poisoning by the organophosphorus compound soman. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of these drugs on performance of a simple light-intensity discrimination task in rats under a tandem schedule of fixed-ratio (FR) reward/ differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate (DRL) nonreward contingencies, for water reinforcement in 2-h experimental sessions. Both BPR (0.125-2.0 mg/kg, SC) and THP (0.25-8.0 mg/kg, SC) in general decreased overall reinforcement rates in a similar dose dependent and parallel manner, concurrent with increased overall nonreinforced responses in an inverted U-shaped dose-response relationship. Lower doses of BPR (0.125-0.5 mg/kg) and and THP (0.25-2.0 mg/kg) produced a moderate reduction in reinforcement (> or = 50% of baseline controls), which was correlated well with increases in nonreinforced responses emitted, whereas, higher doses of BPR (> 0.5 mg/kg) and TPH (> or = 2.0 mg/kg) markedly decreased reinforcements, which mainly resulted from the pausing of responding in the presence of stereotyped behavior. The behavioral disruption induced by BPR was much more rapid than that induced by THP. The ED50 values (0.6 mg/kg vs. 1.3 mg/kg, respectively) and parallel dose-effect curves suggest that these drugs have similar efficacy, and that BPR is about twice as potent as THP, a ranking that corresponds with their binding affinity at M-1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in rat cerebral cortex. Based on the similarity between the anticonvulsant doses of these drugs and the maximal doses that in this study did not disrupt operant responses (0.125 mg/kg vs. 0.25 mg/kg, respectively), it is suggested that both drugs may be useful in protection against seizures produced by the cholinesterase inhibitor soman. Overall, these results suggest that this multiple schedule operant contingency may have promise as a behavioral model to identify the therapeutic or toxic potentials of centrally acting antimuscarinic antiparkinsonian drugs based on their congnitive side effects.

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k bipolar manic-depressive patient, developed while on lithium prophylaxis, akathisia at therapeutic serum lithium levels and subsequently bucco-linguo-masticatory dyskinesia. The authors propose that differential involvement of dopamine systems may account for the transition from akathisia to tardive dyskinesia. In the light of a brief review of literature, a prospective study of akathisia and tardive dyskinesia seems justified.

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The behavioral effects of a variety of advanced candidate anticonvulsants for organophosphate-induced seizures were evaluated under two rodent 'counting' models. Rats pressed the left of two levers a number of times (a 'run') before pressing the right lever. The targeted performance was a run of 12. The training contingency was a targeted percentile schedule, which provided food if the current run was closer to 12 than two-thirds of the most recent runs. Baseline performance was well controlled by the target, with mean run lengths slightly less than 12. Once this performance was acquired, half the subjects were switched to a procedure providing food following runs of different lengths with a probability yoked to previous percentile schedule performance. The two procedures generate comparable baseline performances, but behavioral disruptions generate reinforcement loss only under the yoked procedure. Atropine, scopolamine, azaprophen, aprophen, trihexyphenidyl, procyclidine, benactyzine, biperiden and diazepam were tested. All produced dose-related decreases in overall run length and response rate. Responding was disrupted more readily under the yoked procedure than under the percentile procedure. Only atropine affected responding at doses below those effective against soman-induced seizures. Of the present candidates, trihexyphenidyl, procyclidine, benactyzine and biperiden appear most promising for further development.

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The goal of medical therapy for primary dystonia is conservative. While botulinum toxin (BTX) therapy is a first choice for blepharospasm and cervical dystonia, medical therapy is selected as such for other types of dystonia. As oral medications, trihexyphenidyl and benzodiazepines are most frequently used. Muscle relaxants are also commonly used, but dopamine antagonists are not recommended because of the risk of inducing tardive dyskinesia. For childhood-onset generalized dystonia, levodopa should be considered to rule out levodopa-responsive dystonia. Mexiletine is reported to be effective not only for bleharospasm and cervical dystonia but for focal limb dystonia. To improve the therapeutic performance of BTX therapy for blepharospasm, it is recommended that corrugator supercilii and procerus muscles, as well as orbicularis oculi muscle, be added as target muscles. To improve the therapeutic performance of BTX therapy for cervical dystonia, it is recommended that this therapy be started as early as possible, especially within one year of illness, and that levator scapulae muscle be added as target if necessary. To improve usefulness of medical therapy for dystonia, its strategy must be standardized, and more useful therapies must be positively adopted. Algorithm for treatment of dystonia must also be established and generalized.

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Anticholinergics, benzodiazepines and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists have been shown to modulate the expression of nerve agent-induced seizures. This study examined whether the anticonvulsant actions of these drugs varied depending on the duration of prior seizure activity. Rats implanted with electrodes to record electroencephalographic (EEG) activity were pretreated with the oxime HI-6 (125 mg/kg, IP) to prolong survival, and then challenged with a convulsant dose of the nerve agent soman (180 micrograms/kg, SC); treatment compounds (scopolamine, diazepam, MK-801, atropine, benactyzine, and trihexyphenidyl) were delivered IV at specific times after seizure onset. Both diazepam and MK-801 displayed a similar profile of activity: At both short or long times after seizure initiation the anticonvulsant efficacy of each drug remained the same. Diazepam, and especially MK-801, enhanced the lethal actions of soman by potentiating the respiratory depressant effects of the agent; scopolamine given prior to diazepam or MK-801 protected against the respiratory depression. Scopolamine and atropine showed a dose- and time-dependent effectiveness; the longer the seizure progressed the higher the dose of drug required to terminate the seizure, with eventual loss of anticonvulsant activity if the seizure had progressed for 40 min. In contrast, benactyzine and trihexyphenidyl showed a third profile of activity: There was a smaller increase in drug dosage required for anticonvulsant activity as seizure duration increased, and both drugs could terminate seizures that had progressed for 40 min. The early anticonvulsant action of anticholinergics is interpreted as a specific effect that blocks the primary cholinergic excitatory drive that initiates, and first maintains, nerve agent seizures. If allowed to progress, the seizure activity itself recruits excitatory neurotransmitter systems (i.e., NMDA) that eventually maintain the seizure independent of the initial cholinergic drive. This is indicated by the eventual ineffectiveness of scopolamine and atropine as the duration of the seizure progresses. Diazepam and MK-801 appear to act to moderate nerve agent seizures by enhancing inhibitory activity (diazepam) or dampening the secondarily activated noncholinergic excitatory system (MK-801). Benactyzine and trihexyphenidyl represent compounds that possibly have both anticholinergic and NMDA antagonistic properties.

artane pediatric dose

An electromyographic method was used to study the effect of combination therapy with L-dopa and trihexyphenidyl on tremor in thirty patients suffering from extrapyramidal motor system disease. In this method tremor activity was measured and documented so that the course of the disease could be followed objectively. L-dopa alone was slightly more effective against tremor than was trihexyphenidyl alone. The combination of the two drugs was more effective than either drug used alone, and its side-effects were mild and definitely fewer than had been reported with L-dopa combined with a decarboxylase inhibitor. Good control of tremor with L-dopa and trihexyphenidyl was obtained clinically and verified electromyographically.

artane max dose

We present an interim report of an ongoing, single-blind study of the effectiveness and safety of bromocriptine mesylate (Parlodel) in 15 patients, 14 of whom had severe idiopathic Parkinson's disease (Stages 4 and 5 on the Hoehn and Yahr Scale). The patients had never received levodopa, amantadine, or bromocriptine. Gradually increasing doses of bromocriptine were assessed: Initial daily dosage was 1.25 mg, with weekly increments of 1.25 mg/day until either the clinical response was satisfactory or a maximum of 15 mg/day was reached. The patients were on no other antiparkinsonian agents, except trihexyphenidyl HCl (Artane). Response to treatment was scored on the Columbia Scale. The patients discussed in this report had been in the study for varying times, ranging from 1 month to 3 years. Only one patient who entered this study dropped out because his response to bromocriptine was unsatisfactory; he had taken the drug for 2 weeks. No serious adverse reactions were noted with the gradually increasing dosage regimen. Response on the whole was very satisfactory; patients improved by at least two stages on the Hoehn and Yahr Scale. Improvement began within 48 h of onset of treatment with 1.25 mg daily. The preliminary results of this study indicate that low-dose bromocriptine as a first-line drug in severe Parkinson's disease is definitely warranted.

artane pediatric dosing

The PD models were established by intraperitoneal injection of MPTP (30 mg/kg). 30 C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into six groups: control group, PD model group, QXT high dosage group, QXT middle dosage group, QXT low dosage group and trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride group. After 7 days of treatment, the behavior pattern of mice were observed, and striatum were seperated to detect the content of TNF-alpha by ELISA.

artane medication classification

The nature of the antagonism by anticholinergic compounds of nicotine-induced convulsion in mice has not been defined clearly. Although, because they do not compete effectively for agonist binding to brain tissue in-vitro, these compounds are thought to be non-competitive antagonists in the brain, pharmacological evidence is lacking. This study describes the anti-nicotinic properties of the clinically used anticholinergic antiparkinson drugs, benztropine, biperiden, caramiphen, ethopropazine, procyclidine and trihexyphenidyl. Nicotine-induced convulsion and arecoline-induced tremor in mice were effectively prevented by these drugs. The concentrations of benztropine, biperiden, caramiphen, ethopropazine, procyclidine and trihexyphenidyl affording 50% prevention of nicotine-induced convulsion (ED50 values) were 7.4, 4.6, 7.8, 4.9, 3.1 and 3.3 mg kg(-1), respectively. The classical muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine had potent anti-muscarinic effects but very weak anti-nicotinic activity. The classical nicotinic receptor antagonist mecamylamine had potent anti-nicotinic activity but no anti-muscarinic effects. The pattern of shift of the dose-response curve for nicotine-induced convulsion in mice was determined in the presence of increasing concentrations of the anticholinergic antiparkinson drugs. These drugs were found to increase the ED50 (0.49 mg kg(-1)) of nicotine-induced convulsion in a dose-related manner. The maximum effect of nicotine and the slope of nicotine dose-response curve were not significantly influenced by either low or high doses of benztropine, procyclidine or trihexylphenidyl, which suggests competitive action. Biperiden, caramiphen and ethopropazine, at low doses which significantly increased the ED50 of nicotine, did not affect the maximum effect of nicotine or the slope of the nicotine dose-response curve; at higher doses, however, they reduced the maximum effect and the slope, which suggests that these drugs have both competitive and non-competitive properties in antagonizing nicotine-induced convulsion in mice. The experiments demonstrate that the anticholinergic antiparkinson drugs and mecamylamine effectively antagonize nicotine-induced convulsion, but atropine does not; some of these drugs have competitive properties whereas others seem to have both competitive and non-competitive properties in antagonizing nicotine-induced convulsion in mice.

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Three clinical cases of essential blepharospasm are discussed. On the basis of both therapeutical results and a review of the literature, pathogenetic hypothesis concerning such pathology are reexamined.

artane dosage

Among the 188,284 adverse drug reactions recorded, we identified 519 cases of memory loss. The sex ratio was 0.6 and the median age was 54 years (range 4-93). The maximal number of cases occurred between 40-49 and 50-59 years. Evolution was favourable in 63% of the cases. We found significant odds ratios for benzodiazepines (alprazolam, bromazepam, prazepam, clonazepam etc.), benzodiazepine-like hypnotics (zolpidem and zopiclone), antidepressants (fluoxetine, paroxetine and venlafaxine), analgesics (morphine, nefopam and tramadol), anticonvulsants (topiramate, pregabalin, levetiracetam etc.), antipsychotics (aripiprazole and lithium) and other drugs, such as trihexyphenidyl, ciclosporin and isotretinoin.

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artane drug action 2017-11-19

The diagnosis is usually first suspected when brain MRI findings suggest abnormal brain iron accumulation. Clinical findings and molecular genetic testing establish the diagnosis of specific types. The ten genes known to be associated with types of NBIA are PANK2, PLA2G6, C19orf12, FA2H, Priligy Dosage ATP13A2, WDR45, COASY, FTL, CP, and DCAF17.

artane 4 mg 2017-04-30

Dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by sustained muscle contractions, causing twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures of affected body parts. Here, we present a novel case of focal dystonia of a Claritin Generic Loratadine 51 years old right-handed woman who had developed difficulty in writing and performing fine motor tasks. Due to a discomfort in her right hand at use, she started using her left hand instead and noticed inconsistent mirror movements in her right hand upon use of left hand. She was treated with trihexyphenidyl which allowed her right hand to function better, though writing still remained a problem.

artane drug wikipedia 2015-08-09

The study suggests that selegiline improves memory functions and intelligence in PD patients in addition to motor functions. It also Celebrex 800 Mg prevents prolongation of P300 latency which is a marker of cognitive function.

artane 6 mg 2015-12-10

DYT1 dystonia is an autosomal-dominant movement disorder characterized by abnormal, often repetitive, movements and postures. Its hallmark feature is sustained or intermittent contractions of muscles involving co-contractions of antagonist muscle pairs. The symptoms are relieved with the anticholinergic drug trihexyphenidyl. The primary mutation is a trinucleotide deletion (ΔGAG) in DYT1/TOR1A, which codes for torsinA. Previous studies showed that (1) heterozygous Dyt1 ΔGAG knock-in mice, which have an analogous mutation in the endogenous gene, exhibit motor deficits and altered corticostriatal synaptic plasticity in the brain and (2) these deficits can be rescued by trihexyphenidyl. However, brain imaging studies suggest that the Dyt1 knock-in mouse models nonmanifesting mutation carriers of DYT1 dystonia. The aim of this work was to examine Evista Brand Name the hallmark features of DYT1 dystonia in the Dyt1 knock-in mice by analyzing muscular activities.

artane 2mg tab 2015-09-22

The effects of pharmacological intervention on brain muscarinic cholinergic receptor (mAChR) binding were assessed in seven patients with Parkinson's disease by positron emission tomography and carbon-11 labelled N-methyl-4-piperidyl benzilate ([11C Parlodel Dosage ]NMPB). [11C]NMPB was injected twice, approximately 2 hours apart, in each patient, to assess the effect of single doses of 4 mg of trihexyphenidyl (n = 5) or 400 mg of L-dopa with 57 mg of benserazide (n = 2) on the binding parameter of mAChRs (K3). There was a mean 28% inhibition of K3 values in the brain in the presence of trihexyphenidyl, which was assumed to reflect mAChR occupancy. No significant change in K3 was observed in the presence of L-dopa. This study demonstrates the feasibility of measuring mAChR occupancy by an anticholinergic medication with PET.

artane medication trihexyphenidyl 2017-04-19

A clinical practice guideline was elaborated under the parameters of the Methodological Guide of the Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social to identify, synthesize and evaluate the evidence and make recommendations about the treatment and follow-up of adult patients with schizophrenia. A systematic literature search was carried out. The evidence was presented to the Guideline Developing Group and recommendations, employing Cozaar Dosage the GRADE system, were produced.

artane 10 mg 2017-04-30

Randomised trials in adults after stroke where the intervention was specifically targeted at improving the eye movement disorder or improving the ability of the participant to cope with the Hyzaar 30 Mg eye movement disorder. The primary outcome was functional ability in activities of daily living. Secondary outcomes included functional ability in extended activities of daily living, eye movement measures, balance, falls, depression or anxiety, discharge destination or residence after stroke, quality of life and social isolation, adverse events, and death.

artane cost 2016-06-16

The influence of Zanaflex 4mg Cost taurine on cataleptogenic effect of neuroleptics was investigated in male Wistar rats. It was found that taurine 900 micrograms/rat icv reduced significantly haloperidol or fluphenazine-induced catalepsy. In rats receiving taurine in a dose of 450 micrograms, not influencing catalepsy, with low doses of anticholinergic antiparkinsonian agents (trihexyphenidyl and pridinol) strong anticataleptic effect was observed. The results suggest that taurine facilitates neurotransmission in nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons.

artane 1 mg 2015-12-06

Trihexyphenidyl (Tri) inhibited the contraction of rabbit basilar artery due to high K+ (45.6 mmol/L). IC50 was 2.9 +/- 0.7 mumol/L. The contractions of basilar and mesenteric arteries due to calcium and those of basilar artery and saphenous vein due to serotonin were noncompetitively. Effexor Maximum Dosage Tri inhibited myogenic activities of the portal vein strips of rats and increased the normal cerebral blood flow of rats to 19 +/- 7 ml/(min.100 g).

artane max dose 2016-07-11

Trihexyphenidyl has been found to be an effective treatment for dystonic movement disorders, improving gross motor function in patients with axial and torsional dystonia, tremors, and myoclonus. In this report, improvements in fine motor control, language, and oral motor skills are described with trihexyphenidyl in an 8-year-old female who developed dystonia after spontaneous bilateral putamenal hemorrhages. No adverse side effects occurred. The mechanism of action of trihexyphenidyl is believed to be in the basal ganglia where it inhibits muscarinic cholinergic receptors and increases the turnover of dopamine.

artane 5 mg 2015-06-12

The effect of methoxime combined with a) atropine, b) benactyzine, c) atropine and natrium thiosulphate, d) atropine and diazepam on antidotal treatment effectiveness was studied in tabun-poisoned mice. In addition, the influence of pretreatment consisiting of pyridostigmine, benactyzine and trihexyphenidyle (PANPAL) administered 2 hours before tabun intoxication on the treatment effectivity of methoxime combined with e) atropine or f) benactyzine was tested. The most efficacious therapeutic mixture in non-pretreated mice was methoxime, atropine and diazepam. Natrium thiosulphate did not significantly increase neither decrease the antidotal treatment efficacy in comparison with methoxime and atropine alone. Pretreatment with PANPAL significantly decreased tabun toxicity (nearly 4 times in methoxime and benactyzine combination and more than 4 times in atropine and methoxime mixture). The present study demonstrates that the tabun toxicity in mice is more effectively reduced when PANPAL prophylactically is administered than in case of treatment with methoxime and cholinergic drug alone. We established that anticholinergic drug option in the therapeutic mixture of methoxime and anticholinergic drug did not cause the difference in the antidotal treatment effectivities.

artane 2mg tablet 2016-07-30

Twenty-six patients completed all study procedures. Amantadine and biperiden were equally effective in relieving neuroleptic-induced EPS and did not exacerbate TD-type movements. AIMS scores during treatment were significantly lower than during placebo period. The findings were similar in patients with diagnosable TD.

parkinson drug artane 2015-05-01

About 40% of the patients with Fahr's syndrome are seen with primarily cognitive and other psychiatric findings. For this patient, hypocalcaemia was at the origin of his convulsions, and the use of phenobarbital, known for its hypocalcemiant action, provoked the inverse result. Alcohol drinking also aggravated hypocalcaemia, and maintained the fits. The use of classic antipsychotics and anticholinergic agents, amplified the extrapyramidal signs caused by Fahr's syndrome. Recognizing the origin of the symptoms allowed rethinking the therapeutic strategy according to all these elements.

artane windows reviews 2016-06-17

The anticholinergic effect of trihexphenidyl on memory function of 20 schizophrenic patients has been investigated in a double blind crossover design. Impairment of immediate memory and short term memory was evident after trihexphenidyl treatment in comparison with placebo. Sensory short term memory tested by visual tasks and remote memory showed no significant statistical differences. Our data suggested that trihexphenidyl due to its anticholinergic effect might impair memory function.