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Four principal factors were obtained from the analysis results of the 18 symptoms. The factors could represent the symptoms related to joints, cold-syndrome, deficiency syndrome and heat-syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), respectively. The effect of WM therapy was better than CM therapy. After 12 weeks of treatment, the effect of CM on patients without deficiency-syndrome was better than the patients with deficiency-syndrome. After 24 weeks of treatment, WM therapy showed better effect on patients with cold syndrome than patients without cold syndrome.
We identified silent liver fibrosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using transient elastography, and investigated medication that correlated with abnormal liver stiffness measurement (LSM) values.
Three case reports.
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To evaluate the long-term frequency of disease remissions and the progression of joint damage in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who were initially randomized to 2 years of treatment with either a combination of 3 disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or a single DMARD.
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Inflammation in the TNBS model was assessed by measuring the tissue myeloperoxidase activity, leukotriene B4 concentration, inducible nitric oxide protein expression, the ex-vivo production of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), macroscopic damage score, plasma corticosterone levels and by a qualitative histological evolution. The effect of nicotine on TNFalpha production in LPS stimulated THP-1 monocyte cells in-vitro was also determined. Statistical comparisons were made using the Mann-Whitney U-test for the macroscopic damage score and an ANOVA for all other parameters.
Outcome data were available for only 62 patients at 24 weeks. In a mixed-model analysis that imputed data for patients who dropped out, 65.0% (95% CI, 51.6% to 76.9%) of the TwHF group and 32.8% (CI, 21.3% to 46.0%) of the sulfasalazine group met the ACR 20 response criteria (P=0.001). Patients receiving TwHF also had significantly higher response rates for ACR 50 and ACR 70 in mixed-model analyses. Analyses of only completers showed similar significant differences between the treatment groups. Significant improvement was demonstrated in all individual components of the ACR response, including the Health Assessment Questionnaire disability score. Interleukin-6 levels rapidly and significantly decreased in the TwHF group. Although not statistically significant, radiographic progression was lower in the TwHF group. The frequency of adverse events was similar in both groups.
The patient cohort comprised 397 consecutive axial SpA patients who had never been treated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers. Clinical and laboratory outcome assessments were performed at baseline, and at week 24. The following parameters were evaluated: BASDAI, ASDAS-CRP, ASDAS-ESR, and SASDAS. Construct convergent validity was evaluated by correlating SASDAS with ASDAS CRP/ESR, BASDAI, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) and EuroQol five-dimensional (EQ-5D) questionnaire. One hundred and fifty-six patients were observed longitudinally for 6 months. Responsiveness was assessed after six months of treatment with sulfasalazine (SSZ) or biologics. Internal responsiveness was evaluated by using the effect size (ES) and standardized response mean (SRM). External responsiveness was investigated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Change scores were compared by calculating paired t-test statistic for the difference.
We measured the ability of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to inhibit lipid peroxidation in vitro and to inhibit colitis outcomes, colon shortening, and myeloperoxidase activity in TNBS-induced colitis in C3H/HeN and C3H/HeJ mice. We also measured levels of the inflammatory markers interleukin (IL)-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and their transcription factor, NF-kappaB, in the colon by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoblot analysis.
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The production of superoxide by the peripheral blood neutrophils of 19 patients with active rheumatoid arthritis was measured during treatment with sulphasalazine (SASP). The response to drug treatment was determined by change in plasma viscosity, CRP, early morning stiffness and articular index over a 10-point scale. Of the 19 patients studied, eight were considered to have responded well to SASP and seven to have responded poorly or not at all. Over the treatment period, plateau levels of superoxide production fell in seven of the eight responders (P = 0.028) compared with a non-significant fall in 3/7 of the non-responder groups. The initial rate of superoxide production also fell in the responder group, but this was not statistically significant. Initial values in both the responder and non-responder groups were comparable with those seen for normal controls. Analysis of drug levels showed all patients to be compliant with drug treatment; however, drug levels and neutrophil activity were not correlated. Studies of the effect of SASP and sulphapyridine on superoxide production in vitro showed no difference between good and poor responders. These results suggest that there is no inherent difference between good and poor responders regarding the susceptibility of their neutrophils to SASP. SASP's action on neutrophils, therefore, appears not to be its main mechanism of disease-modifying activity in RA.
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Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN45828668.