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The present clinical study demonstrates for the first time that the effective and well tolerated therapeutic efficacy of glycolic acid scalp lotions is enhanced when used in conjunction with a 0.1% betamethasone scalp application against scalp psoriasis. This potential offers the practising dermatologist with novel treatment modes against severe skin conditions by combining topical corticosteroid with exfoliative agent therapy.
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Patients applied betamethasone valerate (0.1%) on eczematous lesions during a 3-week period. Those with cleared eczema entered a 26-week maintenance phase, applying the moisturizer or left the previously affected area untreated. Upon eczema relapse, patients were instructed to contact the clinic and to have the relapse confirmed by the investigator.
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Poor adherence with therapy is a major cause of treatment failure in atopic dermatitis. Reasons given are multifactorial, and include fear of real or imaginary side-effects, under-prescribing, failure to renew prescriptions on time, lack of time, and child refusal of therapy. Most important, however, is lack of knowledge about treatment, in particular the use of topical corticosteroid (TCS) therapy. We conducted a questionnaire-based study to determine the level of use and knowledge of commonly prescribed TCS preparations amongst parents or carers of 100 children attending paediatric outpatient clinics. Weakly potent TCSs were the most commonly used (86%), but poorly understood. Only 35 (41%) who had used hydrocortisone were aware that it was weakly potent, and 44% graded it as moderately potent. Of 65 who had used the moderately potent TCS clobetasone butyrate 0.05% (Eumovate); Glaxo Wellcome, Uxbridge, UK), 19 (29%) graded it as potent and eight (12%) as weak. Of 50 who had used betamethasone valerate 0.1% (Betnovate); Glaxo Wellcome, Uxbridge, UK), 42% did not grade it as potent. Understanding of TCS/antimicrobial combinations was generally worse. The hydrocortisone 1%/fusidic acid 2% combination (Fucidin H(R); Leo, Risborough, Bucks, UK) was graded as moderate or strong by 88% of the 74 who had used it. Over half (53%) of the 34 using the combination of clobetasone butyrate 0.05%/nystatin 100000 i.u./g tetracycline 3% (Trimovate); Glaxo Wellcome, Uxbridge, UK) assumed that it was a potent TCS. Forty-nine had used Fucibet (betamethasone valerate 0.1%, fusidic acid 2%; Leo, Risborough, Bucks, UK) but 34.5% did not grade it as potent. There was poor knowledge of the strengths of some of the most commonly used TCSs, and all steroid/antimicrobial combinations were perceived as being of greater potency than the constituent steroid alone. Fusidic acid was thought to be a steroid by almost half (46.9%) of the respondents. The packaging of the different products by some pharmaceutical companies is remarkably similar and labelling contains information on the compound and percentage rather than potency of the TCS. This may be a source of confusion. We recommend that manufacturers clearly label TCS products by potency as mild, moderate, potent or very potent and that packaging is sufficiently different for each strength of TCS or emollient to avoid confusion. In order to achieve optimal topical treatment for atopic dermatitis, patients and their carers must receive adequate information and training in how and when to use topical therapies in conjunction with written care plans.
Quantitative immunohistochemistry and electron-microscopy were performed on specimens of five subjects, aged 45 to 63 years. These studies were repeated in two patients after treatment with topical corticosteroid (betamethasone valerate cream 0.1%) and psoralen-ultraviolet A (PUVA).
Treatment of IP with 1% pimecrolimus, 0.005% calcipotriol, 0.1% betamethasone, or the vehicle once daily for 28 days.
The aim of this study was to gain information on the effects of the crystal form of corticosteroids on the topical anti-inflammatory activity. Two different crystal forms, Form A and Form B, of the drugs of prednicarbate, hydrocortisone, betamethasone 17-valerate, prednisolone, and methyl prednisolone were prepared and their topical anti-inflammatory activities were measured using arachidonic acid induced ear edema assay in mice. Two crystal forms of the drugs showed differences in anti-inflammatory activity. Among the drugs examined, Form B of prednicarbate and betamethasone 17-valerate showed significantly more potent anti-inflammatory activities as compared to their Form A.
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The use of the Actiderm dermatological patch in conjunction with topical corticosteroids was evaluated in a multi-centered, paired-comparison study of 189 patients with chronic psoriasis. In each patient, two lesions of comparable severity were selected for treatment. One plaque was treated with a twice-daily application of a steroid cream (triamcinolone acetonide 0.1 percent, betamethasone valerate 0.1 percent, or halcinonide 0.1 percent) while the second plaque was treated with a forty-eight hour application of the same steroid cream under Actiderm. At follow-up visits during the three-week treatment period and at four weeks post-treatment, the lesions were evaluated for the following parameters: erythema, induration, scale, and fissuring. For each of the three steroid preparations, the Actiderm and steroid therapy produced significant improvement in all parameters compared to the steroid therapy alone. This improvement was sustained through the post-treatment phase (p is less than 0.05 in all groups). No measurable differences in therapeutic efficacy were identified among the three steroid groups. Reports of adverse experiences in the Actiderm and steroid groups were infrequent. We conclude that the Actiderm and steroid combination is a safe and highly effective treatment for psoriasis.
Both pimecrolimus and betamethasone were highly effective in the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis. Betamethasone reduced all three parameters, erythema, scaling and pruritus, faster than pimecrolimus, but the differences in reduction were not statistically significant. Relapses were observed more frequently and were more severe with betamethasone than with pimecrolimus. Moreover, pruritus was not observed after discontinuation of treatment from day 15 and beyond in the pimecrolimus group, whereas it was reported in most patients of the betamethasone group. This difference was statistically significant.
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BMV 0.1% plaster is more efficacious than BMV 0.1% cream in the treatment of patients with mild-to-moderate chronic plaque psoriasis in a clinical setting resembling daily clinical practice.
Clearance of psoriasis was achieved in 95%, of the patients treated with PUVA plus topical corticosteroids while clearance was achieved in 80% of patients treated with PUVA plus bland emollients (P = 0.0758). Median numbers of exposures for group-A were 16 & for group-B were 17.5 (p = 0.1029). Similarly, median cumulative dose in group-A was 64.5 J/cm2 & in group-B was 70.7 J/cm2 (p = 0.372).
Of the 47 patients, 23 boys with an average age of 16.65 ± 4.052 months (range 11-24 months) were given 0.025 % betamethasone cream, whereas the remaining 24 boys in control group with an average age of 18.42 ± 5.030 months (range 10-24 months) were instructed to apply with 0.05 % betamethasone valerate cream. Using unpaired t test, the age in both groups were comparable (p = 0.1932). There was a decrease in phimosis grade by the end of the therapeutic course in both groups. Further analysis using Mann-Whitney test revealed that the phimosis grade in the half-strength group (0.025 % strength) was significantly lower to the phimosis grade in the control (0.05 % betamethasone) group (p = 0.0003). There was no diversion from steroid application to circumcision or any side effects in the both groups.