generic biaxin antibiotic
Clarithromycin and its metabolite, 14-hydroxy-clarithromycin are active against a wide range of respiratory pathogens. Antibiotics generally penetrate poorly into respiratory secretions which may therefore continue to harbour bacteria following bronchial infection. We have studied sputum and serum concentrations of clarithromycin and 14-hydroxy-clarithromycin in eight patients with idiopathic bronchiectasis without infective exacerbations (five male, three female; mean age 53.3 years). Oral single dose administration of 250 or 500 mg clarithromycin, separated by at least 6 days, was given to each patient. Serum and sputum samples were collected (the latter by physiotherapy at 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 and 0, 4, 8 and 24 h respectively after administration of each dose. Serum sol phase was obtained by high speed centrifugation and concentrations of clarithromycin and 14-hydroxy-clarithromycin were determined by high performance liquid chromatography. Serum Cmax for clarithromycin and 14-hydroxy-clarithromycin were 1.20 mg/L (3 h) and 0.37 mg/L (3.1 h) for clarithromycin (250 mg)) and were 2.78 mg/L (2.5 h) and 0.68 mg/L (2.6 h) for clarithromycin (500 mg) respectively. Sputum Cmax for clarithromycin and 14-hydroxy-clarithromycin were 0.52 mg/L (5 h) and 0.30 mg/L (5.5 h) for clarithromycin (250 mg) and were 1.59 mg/L (5 h) and 0.47 mg/L (5.5 h) for clarithromycin (500 mg) respectively. The sputum/serum percentage ratios at Cmax (sputum) for clarithromycin and 14-hydroxy-clarithromycin were 74.3% and 113.9% (250 mg) and 94.7% and 99.9% (500 mg) respectively. We conclude that oral administration of clarithromycin to patients with bronchiectasis results in rapid penetration into respiratory mucus with persistent drug concentrations that exceed its MIC for many respiratory pathogens.
biaxin cost at walmart
The 13C-urea breath test is the best non-invasive test to validate Helicobacter pylori eradication. Serology is unreliable for this purpose due to the slow and unpredictable decline in the antibody titer.
A 19-year-old man presented with a 1.5-cm nodule on the first dorsal metacarpal ray. The patient denied having contact with fish tanks or fish, but recalled handling many reptiles without gloves in the vivarium where he worked. A culture of a skin biopsy specimen yielded Mycobacterium marinum. The clinical outcome was favourable after a 2-week course of intramuscular gentamicin (180 mg daily) combined with a 6-week course of oral clarithromycin (500 mg twice a day). Doctors should be aware that vivariums, in addition to fish tanks, can be sources of M. marinum exposure.
biaxin 500 mg generic
An HIV-infected patient developed a mycobacteriosis of the digestive tract when his CD4 count fell below 5/mm3. He was given antimycobacterial treatment in combination with an effective triple antiretroviral regimen. At two years, the clinical situation was controlled with persistent optimal response (CD4 = 338/mm3 HIV-RNA < 500 copies/ml); the antimycobacterial regimen was discontinued. One year later the patient still had a CD4+ count above 500/mm3 but developed a voluminous mesenteric mass invaded by a CD68+ histiocyte proliferation. No causal agent could be identified. The clinical course was favorable after reintroducing antimycobacterial treatment combined with short-term corticosteroid therapy.
generic biaxin side effects
Acute otitis media and myringotomies induced tympanosclerosis, but clarithromycin reduced the severity of tympanosclerosis.
biaxin 500 mg cost
To determine the effectiveness of a third, culture-guided, treatment of H. pylori infection after two unsuccessful attempts.
biaxin generic price
Digoxin concentrations were higher after coadministration of clarithromycin in all patients (before, 0.838 +/- 0.329 ng/mL; after, 1.36 +/- 0.619 ng/mL); (p < 0.005). A significant correlation was observed between the dose of clarithromycin and the percentage of increase in the digoxin concentration.
151 patients, with peptic ulcer or chronic gastritis, infected by HP, treated (first-step) with omeprazole (20 mg/12 h), clarithromycin (500 mg/12 h) and amoxycillin (1 g/12 h) for a week (OCA) and second-step (first-step failures) with omeprazole (20 mg/12 h), metronidazole (500 mg/12 h), tetracyclin (500 mg/6 h) and bismuth (120 mg/6 h) for two weeks.
biaxin generic side effects
Helicobacter pylori eradication rate with standard triple therapies is decreasing. Recently, lactoferrin administration has been shown to significantly increase the cure rate of 7-day rabeprazole, clarithromycin and tinidazole triple therapy. We assessed whether lactoferrin also increases the eradication rate of 7-day esomeprazole, clarithromycin and amoxycillin triple therapy as first-line treatment.
The antibacterial activity of BAS-118, a new benzamide derivative, against Helicobacter pylori and other species of bacteria was investigated, as was the in vitro ability of the compound to induce drug resistance in H. pylori. The MICs of BAS-118 for 155 isolates of H. pylori, including 30 clarithromycin (CAM)-resistant isolates (MIC > or= 1.56 mg/L) and 25 metronidazole (MNDZ)-resistant isolates (MIC >or = 6.25 mg/L), and 29 reference strains of other genera were determined by an agar dilution method. The MIC(50), MIC(90) and MIC range of BAS-118 for 100 randomly selected isolates of H. pylori were or =8 mg/L. In summary, BAS-118 is a novel anti-H. pylori agent with a potent and selective antibacterial activity, which includes CAM- and MNDZ-resistant isolates. Furthermore, BAS-118 does not appear to induce drug resistance readily in vitro.