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Also known as:  Doxazosin.


Cardura is a perfect remedy in struggle against hypertension, symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate.

Cardura acts by relaxing the blood vessels and muscles of bladder and prostate.

Cardura is also known as Doxazosin, Carduran, Cascor, Doxadura, Doxacard.

Generic name of Cardura is Doxazosin.

Brand names of Cardura are Cardura, XL Cardura.


Take Cardura tablets orally once a day with or without food in the morning or in the evening, extended-release tablets take once a day with a breakfast.

Do not crush or chew it.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Cardura suddenly.


If you overdose Cardura and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature below 30 degrees C (86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

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The most common side effects associated with Cardura are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Cardura if you are allergic to Cardura components.

Do not take Cardura if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Be careful using Cardura if you take HIV/AIDS medicines (nelfinavir (such as Viracept), atazanavir (such as Reyataz), indinavir (such as Crixivan), saquinavir (such as Invirase, Fortovase), ritonavir (such as Kaletra, Norvir)); clarithromycin (such as Prevpac, Biaxin); ipratropium (such as Atrovent); nefazodone; telithromycin (such as Ketek); voriconazole (such as Vfend); antihistamines; itraconazole (such as Sporanox); ketoconazole (such as Nizoral); ED medicines (vardenafil (such as Levitra); sildenafil (such as Viagra), tadalafil (such as Cialis); high blood pressure medicines; ulcers, irritable bowel disease medicines, urinary medicines, Parkinson's disease, motion sickness medicines.

It can be dangerous to use Cardura if you suffer from or have a history of prostate cancer, chest pain (angina), intestines narrowing or blockage, liver disease, short bowel syndrome, hypertension.

Avoid alcohol.

Do not stop taking Cardura suddenly.

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Doxazosin, a high selective alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist, is considered as the first-line therapy for the patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and also produce several side effects in cardiovascular system. In this study, we observed the isometric vasoconstrictive responses of the rabbit isolated arterial rings to electric field stimulation and noradrenaline ( NA ) to study the effects of R-doxazosin ( R-DOX ) and S-doxazosin ( S-DOX ) on the alpha1-adrenoceptor-regulated vasoconstrictive responses in the rabbit isolated ear artery, mesenteric artery and pulmonary artery, and the effects of higher concentration of S-DOX and R-DOX on presynaptic alpha2-adrenoceptor-regulated purinergic vasoconstriction in the rabbit isolated saphenous artery. We found that R-DOX and S-DOX competitively inhibited the vasoconstriction induced by NA in the rabbit isolated ear artery, mesenteric artery and pulmonary artery. The pA2 values of R-DOX and S-DOX against NA in the rabbit isolated ear artery, mesenteric artery and pulmonary artery were 7. 91 +/- 0. 03 and 7. 53 +/- 0. 05, 7. 80 +/- 0. 05 and 7. 29 +/-0. 07, 8. 32 +/- 0. 06 and 7. 97 +/- 0. 07, respectively. The pA2 values of R-DOX in the three arterial preparations were significantly higher than those of S-DOX (P < 0. 01). R-DOX and S-DOX at the concentrations of 0. 1 - 10 micromol x L (-1) did not affect the vasoconstriction induced by electric stimulation in the rabbit isolated saphenous artery. R-DOX and S-DOX at 100 micromol x L(-1) in the rabbit isolated saphenous artery completely inhibited the vascular responses to exogenous NA, but did not affect the vascular responses to exogenous adenosine triphosphate (1 mmol x L(-1) ). It is reasonable to suggest that R-DOX and S-DOX competitively inhibit the vasoconstriction induced by NA in the rabbit ear artery, mesenteric artery and pulmonary artery, and the pA2 values of S-DOX are significantly lower than those of R-DOX. The higher concentration (10 micromol x L(-1)) of R-DOX and S-DOX does not affect the presynaptic alpha2-adrenoceptors at sympathetic nerve terminals of the rabbit saphenous artery.

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IFIS is a clinical syndrome observed during cataract surgery reported in patients taking systemic alpha(1)AR antagonists. It has been most strongly linked to use of tamsulosin. Medication washout periods of up to 2 weeks and specific surgical procedures have been attempted to reduce risk of complications from alpha(1)AR antagonists in the setting of cataract surgery. Patients should be educated regarding potential risks of this drug class so that they can discuss them with their healthcare providers, specifically ophthalmologists, prior to cataract surgery.

cardura pediatric dose

Irritative voiding secondary to BPH may arise from increased ATP release by bladder urothelium during stretch. Doxazosin inhibits ATP release by way of an unknown mechanism that may or may not involve the alpha1-adrenoreceptor. Treatment for hypersensory voiding symptoms secondary to BPH might also target the urothelial purinergic pathway.

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This study reveals that combination therapy consisting of alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists with antimuscarinics represents an effective and relatively safe treatment modality in select patients with OAB coexisting with benign prostatic obstruction.

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Tamsulosin, alfuzosin slow release and silodosin do not require dose titration. Alfuzosin, terazosin, doxazosin and silodosin have all been shown to be effective in relieving LUTS/BPH independent of prostate size. Low incidence of orthostatic hypotension has been reported for silodosin, but abnormal ejaculation is the most commonly reported adverse effect.

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Twelve untreated non-diabetic hypertensive patients with National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) ATP-III defined metabolic syndrome were assigned to three-months of treatment with doxazosin (5.5 +/- 1.9 mg/die). Study variables were measured at baseline and after treatment. End-points: forearm blood flow (strain-gauge plethysmography) responses to graded intra-arterial acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside infusion to test endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilatation respectively. Minimum forearm vascular resistance, the ratio of mean blood pressure and post-ischaemic maximal blood flow, as an index of arteriolar structure; transcapillary albumin escape rate (the 1-h decay rate of I-albumin, 6-8 microC ev) as a measure of systemic capillary permeability. Lipids, fasting and post-glucose insulin were measured at baseline and after treatment.

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Although alpha blockers have been shown to be effective in treating various types of neuropathic voiding dysfunction in children, the effectiveness of alpha(1) blockers in treating neurologically intact children with voiding dysfunction remains unclear. We investigated the effectiveness of treatment with alpha(1)-adrenergic blockade in boys with low uroflow rate and urinary incontinence.

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For most adults with resistant hypertension, spironolactone is superior to doxazosin and bisoprolol as an adjunct to triple therapy.

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Of the 65 patients included, 47 proved evaluable, and 46 complied with treatment (with exclusion of 1 case due to hypotension). Of the 22 patients treated with doxazosin, 15 (68.86%) presented AUR after 2 years, while 7 (31.2%) showed spontaneous micturition. Of the 24 patients treated with bladder catheterization in the absence of medication, 16 (66.6%) presented AUR after the same period of time, while 8 (33.3%) showed spontaneous micturition. There were no statistically significant differences between the treated and untreated subjects in terms of drug efficacy. Residual flow parameters are described in the population with spontaneous micturition in each stage of the study.

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There were 38,698 participants genotyped for at least one of the polymorphisms included here. For MMP9 R668Q (rs2274756), lower hazard ratios (HRs) were found for AA subjects for most outcomes when treated with chlorthalidone versus amlodipine (eg., CCHD: GG = 1.00, GA = 1.01, AA = 0.64; P = 0.038). For MMP9 R279Q (rs17576), modest pharmacogenetic findings were observed for combined CHD and the composite CVD outcome. For MMP12 N122S (rs652438), lower HRs were observed for CHD in subjects carrying at least one G allele and being treated with chlorthalidone versus lisinopril (CHD: AA = 1.07, AG = 0.80, GG = 0.49; P = 0.005). In the lisinopril-amlodipine comparison, higher HRs were observed for participants having at least one G allele at the MMP12 N122S locus (CHD: AA = 0.94, AG = 1.19, GG = 1.93; P = 0.041). For MMP12 -82A>G (rs2276109), no pharmacogenetic effect was found for the primary outcome, although lower HRs were observed for AA homozygotes in the chlorthalidone-amlodipine comparison for HF (P = 0.015).

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In these patients, drug therapy may resolve the pathology, or allow the use of minimally invasive surgery (i.e. lasertherapy, transuretheral incision, etc.).

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Doxazocin use in cases with LUTS/BPH and ED has an improving effect on ED as well as LUTS. Therefore, we believe that in the future, single agents or combined therapies might have a place in cases with LUTS/BPH and ED.

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The effect of the MMP3 5A/6A polymorphism on stroke rates was examined by using multivariate-adjusted Cox regression models, including a test for interactions between genotype and antihypertensive drug class.

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dutasteride, fesoterodine and finasteride were classified as beneficial in older persons or frail elderly people (FORTA B). For most drugs, in particular those from the group of α-blockers and antimuscarinics, use in this group seems questionable (FORTA C) or should be avoided (FORTA D).

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Myocardial myostatin mRNA and protein expression were up-regulated in the rat model of volume-overload heart failure. Treatment with carvedilol is associated with a limitation of increased myostatin expression in the failing ventricular myocardium.

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cardura dosage 2016-12-14

The therapeutic goal of treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) through early detection and effective therapy is to relieve the symptoms, improve patients' quality of life, decrease postvoid residual urine volume, and prevent the associated morbidity when the condition remains untreated. Alpha1-adrenoreceptor antagonists, e.g. doxazosin, terazosin, tamsulosin and alfuzosin, relax the bladder outlet to improve urinary flow, by reducing prostatic smooth muscle tone through the blockade of sympathetic adrenergic receptors. Doxazosin gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) is a controlled-release formulation developed to enhance the pharmacokinetic profile of the drug while simultaneously minimizing possible adverse effects and reducing the need for dose titration. While both doxazosin standard and GITS are indicated for hypertension, they are Strattera Cost 80mg also useful in the pharmacologically or naturally normotensive patient with BPH. In a cross-over trial comparing doxazosin GITS and tamsulosin, doxazosin gave a significantly greater improvement from baseline in symptoms. Results from recent trials (e.g. Medical Therapy of Prostatic Symptoms, MTOPS) showed that doxazosin was significantly more effective than the 5alpha-reductase inhibitor finasteride in relieving lower urinary tract symptoms, irrespective of prostate volume. The MTOPS trial showed clearly that over the long term, the combination of doxazosin and finasteride was more effective than either agent alone in significantly improving symptoms and reducing the clinical progression of BPH. Both doxazosin standard and GITS are well-tolerated, long-term therapies that are equally effective in younger and older men, and not associated with causing sexual dysfunction.

cardura 2 mg 2016-08-28

Twenty patients with essential hypertension were randomised to a 7-week period of dose titration with doxazosin, 1-8mg/day or enalapril, 5-20mg/day. In a further 7-week period the dosage level reached with the initial drug was halved, and titration with the second agent was carried out. Blood pressure responses at the end of each treatment period were assessed by clinic measurements made 24 hours post-dose. In the first treatment period, enalapril (mean dose 19mg/day) reduced serum free ACE activity by 40% and had a greater effect than doxazosin (mean dose 5.2mg/day) on clinic supine blood pressure (systolic and diastolic). In the second period, the addition of enalapril to doxazosin was associated with a significant fall in clinic standing blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), despite the doxazosin dose reduction and consequent decrease in median plasma doxazosin concentration (from 10.6 to 5.2ng/ml). Alternatively, when doxazosin was added to enalapril, free ACE activity remained 40% decreased despite enalapril dose reduction, and blood pressure was not further affected. Plasma renin activity was increased by enalapril. No changes were Medication Zantac observed in plasma aldosterone or lipid concentrations with either drug. The combination of doxazosin and enalapril was well tolerated and lowered blood pressure overall. Judged by clinic measurements 24 hours post-dose, most of the antihypertensive effect was attributable to the enalapril component. However, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring 0-12 hours post-dose in a subset of patients suggested a contribution of doxazosin earlier in the dose interval.

cardura maximum dose 2017-01-16

1. The affinities of a number of alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonists were determined by displacement of [3H]-prazosin binding from cloned human alpha 1A-adrenoceptors (previously designated cloned alpha 1c subtype), alpha 1B alpha 1D and rat alpha 1D-adrenoceptors, stably expressed in rat-1 fibroblasts. Functional affinity estimates for these compounds were also determined from noradrenaline-mediated contractions of rat aorta. 2. BMY 7378 displayed high affinity for cloned human alpha 1D-adrenoceptors (pKi = 8.2 +/- 0.10) and was selective over alpha 1A (pKi = 6.2 +/- 0.10) and alpha 1B subtypes (6.7 +/- 0.11). WB 4101, benoxathian and phentolamine displayed high affinity for alpha 1A and alpha 1D adrenoceptors compared to the alpha 1B subtype. Spiperone displayed high affinity and selectivity for alpha 1B adrenoceptors (pKi 8.8 +/- 0.16). 5-Methyl-urapidil was selective for cloned alpha 1A adrenoceptors. 3. Comparative binding affinities (pKi) for compounds at cloned human and rat1D adrenoceptors were almost identical (r = 0.99, slope = 1.08). 4. Prazosin, doxazosin and 5-methyl-urapidil were potent, competitive antagonists of noradrenaline-mediated contractions of rat aorta (pA2 values of 9.8, 8.8 and 7.8 respectively). The selective alpha 1D antagonist BMY 7378 was also a potent antagonist on rat aorta (pKB = 8.3 +/- 0.1) but the interaction of this compound was not consistent with competitive antagonism at a single population of receptors. 5. Functional affinities for compounds determined against noradrenaline-mediated contractions of rat aorta correlated well with binding affinities at cloned alpha 1D-adrenoceptors (r = 0.96), but not with alpha 1A (r = 0.61) or alpha 1B (r = 0.46) subtypes. 6. Noradrenaline-mediated contractions of rat aorta were sensitive to the alkylating effects of chlorethylclonidine (CEC). CEC (10 microM) caused a small rightward shift in the noradrenaline concentration-response curve. CEC at 100 microM caused a further shift and suppression of the maximum response to noradrenaline.7. The results of this study suggest that noradrenaline predominantly, but not exclusively, mediates contraction of rat aorta through the activation Buy Epivir of an alphalD-adrenoceptor.

cardura 2mg tablet 2016-03-08

Cellular proliferation was inhibited in a dose dependent manner by doxazosin. There was nearly a 50% decrease Cipro 850 Mg in BrdU uptake at 10 microM doxazosin and an approximately 90% decrease in BrdU at 25 microM doxazosin. Notably, doxazosin inhibited phosphorylation of Rb and expression of cyclin A, both of which are necessary for cell cycle progression. At concentrations of 25 microM doxazosin or greater apoptosis was induced in the bladder SMCs, as indicated by an increase in subG1 DNA content.

cardura generic name 2016-10-29

The mean age was 59.8 years. After 1 month of treatment, the mean alteration in the International Prostate Symptom Score was 3.9 and 5.2 (P = .028), for the maximum urinary flow rate (Q(max)), it was 3.0 and Omnicef 150 Mg 3.6 mL/s (P = .206), and for the QoL score it was 1.3 and 1.7 (P = .038) in groups 1 and 2, respectively. For group 1b, during the period in which the patients were receiving 4 and 8 mg doxazosin XL treatments; the International Prostate Symptom Score changes were 1.3 and 3.6 (P <.001), the Q(max) changes were 1.6 and 3.2 mL/s (P <.019), and the QoL changes were 0.4 and 1.8 (P <.001) in groups 1 and 2, respectively.

cardura prostate medication 2015-11-23

alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonists (blockers) are now commonly used in the treatment of the symptoms of lower urinary tract obstruction. Originally phenoxybenzamine, a non-selective antagonist at both alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors, was used by Marco Caine. In an attempt to minimize side effects, selective alpha 1-antagonists, e.g. prazosin, were subsequently developed. More recently, agents such as alfuzosin, doxazosin, terazosin, and tamsulosin have been introduced and claims of "uroselectivity" and "prostate" selectivity have emerged. Cipro Type Drugs

cardura generic brand 2017-01-21

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether vasodilatation induced by doxazosin, an alpha 1 adrenoceptor blocker, during postischaemic reperfusion was able to accelerate reflow in unperfused myocardium. Isolated isovolumetrically beating rat hearts were exposed to global ischaemia by perfusion at 15 mm Hg for 2 h, resulting in an end ischaemic coronary flow rate of 2.3 (SD 1.7)% of preischaemic value, and an unperfused myocardial volume of 71.8(4.3)% of total myocardial volume. Subsequent reperfusion at 80 mm Hg for 2 h produced a partial recovery of coronary flow rate of 41(6)% in the absence of doxazosin and a complete recovery [97(28)%] in the presence of doxazosin 2 mumol.litre-1. Surprisingly, doxazosin induced vasodilatation retarded the disappearance of "no reflow" during reperfusion Coumadin Po Dose : after 3 h of reperfusion the volume of unperfused myocardium was 14.3(5.5)% v 1.5(1.7)% in the control group (p less than 0.005). Assessed histologically the regions of "no-reflow" were localised predominantly in the subendocardium. In the presence of doxazosin, left ventricular end diastolic pressure during reperfusion was twice as high as in the control group, indicating pronounced subendocardial compression. The mechanism underlying prolonged subendocardial "no-reflow" in the presence of doxazosin during postischaemic reperfusion is a compressive action of dilated (sub)epicardial vessels on the vasculature in the unperfused subendocardial regions ("hydraulic" or "erectile" effect of increased vascular volume). Thus coronary vasodilatation induced by alpha 1 adrenergic receptor blockade during postischaemic reperfusion delays the recovery of homogeneous transmural perfusion distribution.

cardura 40 mg 2015-11-18

Doxazosin, a selective alpha 1-inhibitor, was assessed in 34 patients with mild and moderate hypertension. This study involved three phases: (1) a 2-week baseline period, (2) an 8-week period in which patients received 1 to 8 mg of doxazosin once daily, and (3) a 4-week maintenance period. After 12 weeks, 77% of the efficacy evaluable patients were considered therapy successes (sitting diastolic blood pressure either less than or equal to 90 mm Hg with greater than or equal to 5 mm Hg reduction or greater than or equal to 10 mm Hg reduction) at a mean daily dose of 4.3 mg. Sixty-one percent achieved blood pressure control (sitting diastolic blood pressure less than or equal to 90 mm Hg) at a mean dose of 3.7 mg once daily. By the final treatment visit, systolic/diastolic blood pressures of efficacy Cipro Dosing evaluable patients were reduced by 17/12 and 17/11 mm Hg from a mean baseline of 160/100 and 156/101 mm Hg in the sitting and standing positions, respectively (p less than 0.05). Of the 34 patients, nine (26%) reported 12 adverse experiences, of which only one was severe. No clinically significant laboratory changes were apparent, and no trends were observed with regard to organ systems or correlations with dose or duration of treatment. The investigator's global assessment of efficacy of once-daily doxazosin therapy was excellent or good for 85% of patients and fair for 15% of patients. The investigator's global assessment of toleration was excellent or good for 91% of patients and fair for 9% of patients. The overall lipid profile indicated a decrease in total cholesterol and triglycerides.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

cardura medication doxazosin 2017-02-14

As a surgical treatment of pheochromocytomas, laparoscopic adrenalectomy is an effective and safe approach, in selected cases even for PCCs >6 cm in diameter, although patients with such large tumors may have a higher conversion rate and more intraoperative hypertensive crises. Preoperative selective adrenergic blockade does not prevent intraoperative hypertensive crises, but by facilitating the pharmacological management of the perioperative haemodynamic instability, may avoid the onset of major adverse cardiovascular complications.

cardura 3 mg 2017-01-09

Infravesical obstruction of the lower urinary tract was simulated in rats by dosed constriction of the prevesical portion of the urethra. The functional and morphological changes in various urinary bladder compartments were evaluated after 1 week and 3 months. The development of compensatory hypertrophy of the detrusor was associated with an increase in the number of hypertrophic, atrophic, and young leiomyocyte forms and their transformation into myofibroblasts, with the formation of connective tissue laminae between myofibril bundles mainly in the zone of urinary urinary bladder neck. Specific contractility of the detrusor strips decreased with increasing their tone, which was most pronounced in the neck zone. The relaxing effect of norepinephrine was significantly lower after 3 months of obstruction and virtually disappeared in the zone of the urinary bladder body and neck. Blockade of a-adrenoceptors after adrenostimulation with norepinephrine stimulated contractions of the hypertrophic detrusor against the background of reduced tone of the urinary bladder neck, in contrast to intact urinary bladder where this treatment reduced contractions.

cardura dosage range 2015-05-19

The mean follow-up was 15 months. The comparison of the daily urinary chart before and after treatment showed significant increase on bladder capacity and decreases on urgency, urge-incontinence and frequency. Objective data from UD showed that the mean maximum bladder capacity (MBC) ranged from 200 to 300 mL (P < 0.001) with treatment. The same trend was observed with the other UD variables. When compared to baseline, the questionnaire OAB-v8 showed significant improvement (P < 0.01). Main side effects comprised dry mouth and constipation (40%), with average scores of 5.16 and 3.08, respectively (visual scale from 0 to 10).

cardura 400 mg 2017-12-17

The standard gold care medications for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are the alpha-1-adrenergic antagonists, they are an effective medications and are generally well tolerated. However, at this time, no data have been published concerning the development of severe rhinorrhea with a great impact on quality of life in patients treated with alpha-1-adrenergic antagonists. We report two men with BPH treated with two different alpha-adrenergic antagonists; alfuzosin and doxazocin. The naranjo quality scale documented a probable adverse drug reaction (score 7) between rhinorrhea and treatment with alpha-1-adrenergic antagonists. In conclusion we reported that alpha-1-adrenergic antagonists are able to induce rhinorrhea in patients with BPH.

cardura tablet dosage 2016-05-20

In addition to known gene expression changes, additional calcium-handling, sarcomeric, adrenergic signaling, and metabolic genes were associated with reverse-remodeling. The pattern suggests a fetal-adult paradigm but may be because of reversal of gene expression controlled by a β1-adrenergic receptor gene network.