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There was no change in the baseline brachial diameter after treatment with either ezetimibe (p=NS) or rosuvastatin (p=NS). However, there was a significant improvement of FMD in the rosuvastatin group (p<0.05) but not in the ezetimibe group (p=NS). The changes in lipid levels were similar between groups (p=NS). The change in FMD was not significantly correlated with the decrease of serum LDL in either the ezetimibe or rosuvastatin treated groups.
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Animals in HC-7S, HC-FF and HC-RO exhibited reductions of 22.9, 35.8 and 18.8% in total plasma cholesterol, respectively. In HC-7S-FF, animals did not show significant alteration of the level in HC+FF while the group HC-7S-RO showed a negative effect in comparison with groups taking only protein (HC-7S) or drug (HC-RO). The administration of the protein, fenofibrate and rosuvastatin alone caused increases in the plasma HDL-C of the animals, while the protein-drug combinations led to an increase compared to HC-FF and HC-RO. The plasma concentration of triacylgycerides was significantly reduced in the groups without association, while HC-7S-FF showed no alteration and HC-7S-RO a little reduction.
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In this open-label, balanced, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel study, healthy male volunteers were randomly divided into two groups. Each group received either a single oral dose of rosuvastatin 20 mg or placebo. Estimations were done at predose on day 1 of dosing (baseline) and 24 h postdose after days 7 and 14. Serum cortisol and serum lipid levels were estimated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits and serum mevalonic acid (MVA) levels were measured using validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method. Rosuvastatin produced a statistically significant (P < 0.05) decrease in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides. However, the increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decrease in cortisol and MVA were not statistically significant when compared to the placebo-treated group. The study showed that rosuvastatin at a dose of 20 mg/day for a period of 14 days was very potent as cholesterol-lowering agent, without any significant change in serum cortisol level in the healthy Indian male population.
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This study aimed to investigate the effects of rosuvastatin on TGF-beta1 expression, cardiac fibrosis, ventricular remodeling and cardiac function in diabetic cardiomyopathy rats. Twenty-seven diabetic rats induced by streptozotocin intraperitoneal injection were randomly divided into three groups, viz. diabetic, rosuvastatin low-dose (Ros-L) and high dose group (Ros-H). Intervention group were given rosuvastatin 2 mg/kg/d and 5 mg/kg/d orally, respectively. After 10 weeks, the levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), creatine phosphokinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), myocardial collagen volume fraction (CVF) and left ventricular mass index (LVWI) were measured. CK-MB levels in Ros-H and Ros-L rats were lower than in the diabetic group. Rosuvastatin alleviated myofibrosis cordis and fibroplastic proliferation. LVWI, BNP, CVF and TGF-beta1 mRNA and protein levels in the diabetic group were higher than in the control, but were reduced after rosuvastatin treatment. These results demonstrate that rosuvastatin dose-dependently reduces TGF-beta1 expression and inhibits the development of myocardial fibrosis in diabetic cardiomyopathy.
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Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were estimated for branded rosuvastatin compared with branded atorvastatin, generic simvastatin, and generic pravastatin in patients with hypercholesterolemia in terms of percent reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC)/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio, as well as in TC, HDL-C, triglycerides (TG), apolipoprotein (Apo) B, the ApoB/ApoA-I ratio, and attainment of the Canadian LDL-C goal. The pharmacoeconomic model was constructed for a 1-year time horizon using efficacy data from a randomized, open-label trial including 2268 adults and the wholesale acquisition costs of branded rosuvastatin and atorvastatin and generic simvastatin and pravastatin in British Columbia.
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B-mode ultrasound measurements of the carotid artery were made in 196 children with FH and 64 of their siblings. Mean (±SE) cIMT in children with FH was significantly greater than that of unaffected siblings (0.398±0.052 versus 0.377±0.045 mm; P<0.001). A significantly greater cIMT value was observed before the age of 8 years. Multivariable analyses showed that age, male sex, and presence of FH were independent predictors of cIMT.
The analysis was conducted from the perspective of the UK National Health Service, using clinical data from the STELLAR trial and drug acquisition costs. Cost-effectiveness was compared using incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs), with sensitivity analyses applied to both efficacy and cost parameters.
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether coenzyme Q₁₀ is an independent predictor of prognosis in heart failure.
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At equivalent doses, rosuvastatin had a significantly greater effect than atorvastatin in lowering LDL-C and improving the lipid profile and was well tolerated in patients with the metabolic syndrome.
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Fostamatinib co-administration with OC increased exposure to ethinyl estradiol [area under the plasma concentration-time curve at steady state (AUCss) 28% [confidence interval (CI 90%) 21-36]; maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) at steady state (Cmax,ss) 34% (CI 26-43)], but not levonorgestrel (AUCss 5%; Cmax,ss -3%), while exposure to luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone decreased (≈ 20%). Fostamatinib did not affect the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of warfarin to a clinically relevant extent, but caused an upward trend in AUC for both R- and S-warfarin [18% (CI 13-23) and 13% (CI 7-19)]. Fostamatinib increased rosuvastatin AUC by 96% (CI 78-115) and Cmax by 88% (CI 69-110), and increased simvastatin acid AUC by 74% (CI 50-102) and Cmax by 83% (CI 57-113).
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Rosuvastatin is a lipid-lowering drug, the newest of a class of drugs called HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, or 'statins', launched in the UK in March 2003. Our objective was to monitor the post-marketing safety of this drug, prescribed in primary care in England, using prescription-event monitoring.
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In placebo-controlled trials, adverse events irrespective of causality assessment occurred in 52.1% of patients receiving rosuvastatin 5-40 mg (n = 931) and 51.8% of patients receiving placebo (n = 483). In all controlled clinical trials with comparator statins, rosuvastatin 5-40 mg was associated with an adverse event profile similar to profiles for atorvastatin 10-80 mg, simvastatin 10-80 mg, and pravastatin 10-40 mg. Clinically significant elevations in alanine aminotransferase (> 3 times the upper limit of normal [ULN] on at least 2 consecutive occasions) were uncommon (< or = 0.2%) in the rosuvastatin and comparator statin groups. Elevated creatine kinase > 10 times ULN occurred in < or = 0.3% of patients receiving rosuvastatin or other statins. Myopathy (creatine kinase > 10 times ULN with muscle symptoms) possibly related to treatment occurred in 0.03% of patients taking rosuvastatin at doses < or = 40 mg. The frequency of dipstick-positive proteinuria at rosuvastatin doses < or = 20 mg was comparable to that seen with other statins, and the development of proteinuria was not predictive of acute or progressive renal disease. Both short- and long-term rosuvastatin treatment were associated with small increases in estimated glomerular filtration rate, with improvements appearing to be somewhat greater in those patients beginning treatment with greater renal impairment. In the phase II-IV program, no deaths were attributed to rosuvastatin; at doses of rosuvastatin < or = 40 mg, 1 case of rhabdomyolysis occurred in a patient who received rosuvastatin 20 mg and concomitant gemfibrozil treatment.
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Placebo-controlled clinical trials have shown that atorvastatin is beneficial in patients with myocardial ischemia, established coronary artery disease, hypertension and 3 other cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. left-ventricular hypertrophy, type 2 diabetes, smoking), and in diabetes, but not in patients with calcific aortic stenosis. Recently, intensive low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol lowering with atorvastatin 80 mg/day has been shown to have a greater clinical benefit than atorvastatin 10 mg/day in patients with coronary heart disease and one other high-risk factor (previous myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization or angina), and to be superior to moderate lipid lowering with pravastatin (40 mg/day) in patients with an acute coronary syndrome. However, a smaller study comparing lovastatin 5 mg/day with atorvastatin 80 mg/day was unable to detect any difference in outcomes in patients with stable coronary disease, despite the greater LDL-cholesterol lowering with the atorvastatin, possibly because it was not powered to do so. In a retrospective cohort study, atorvastatin 10 mg/day, pravastatin 20 mg/day, simvastatin 20 mg/day, lovastatin 20 mg/day and fluvastatin 20 mg/day had similar efficacy as secondary prevention after acute myocardial infarction. At present, the evidence from clinical trials is favouring the intensity of the effect on LDL-cholesterol and/or C-reactive protein (CRP) with atorvastatin 80 mg, rather than the use of atorvastatin per se, when greater benefits are observed with the 80 mg dose of atorvastatin compared to other statins. Thus, at present, it is not clear whether atorvastatin is superior to other statins in some indications (coronary heart disease, acute coronary syndromes) or whether it is the intensive lipid lowering that is responsible for the superiority. Atorvastatin has little or no ability to increase high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, and this may be a disadvantage in patients with metabolic syndrome or diabetes, where low HDL-cholesterol is a key feature. Thus, other statins should probably be preferred to atorvastatin in patients with diabetes/metabolic syndrome. Alternatively, atorvastatin can be used in combination with a fibrate to increase HDL-cholesterol in patients with diabetes/metabolic syndrome.