lasix 40 mg
To investigate the relationship between the plasma ANP concentration and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) in healthy calves subjected to volume overload (Study 1), and to compare the plasma ANP concentration in calves with or without heart disease (Study 2).
lasix normal dose
There were 16 episodes of ARF in 14 patients and 62.5 % were male (mean 6 SD age: 50 +/- 49 months). The incidence of ARF was 2.5 % of PICU patients. The most frequent primary diseases were nephro-urological (50 %) and heart disease (31 %). The main risk factors for ARF were hypovolemia (44 %) and hypotension (37 %). Six patients (37.5 %) developed ARF following surgery (cardiac surgery in four, kidney transplantation in one and urological surgery in one). Furosemide was used in 13 patients (as continuous perfusion in nine), inotropes in nine and renal replacement therapy in 12. Medical complications were found in 94 % and some organic dysfunction was found in 81 %. The length of stay in the PICU was 21 +/- 21 days. The probability of death according to the Pediatric Risk of Mortality was 14 +/- 8 %. Five patients died (36 % of the patients and 31.2 % of ARF episodes).
lasix brand name
From February to June 1995, 7 patients with end-stage heart failure underwent partial left ventriculectomy. Before the surgical procedure, 7 (100%) patients were in functional class IV. Three (42%) patients needed inotropic support for hemodynamic stability. The mean daily dose of furosemide was l48.67 +/- 128.27 mg, of captopril 87.50 +/- 95.20 mg and of digoxin 0.23 +/- 0.04. Mean left ventricular diastolic dimension determined by 2-D echocardiography was 78.29 +/- 12.63 mm, mean left ventricular ejection fraction, determined by radionuclide ventriculography, was 0.15 +/- 0.05 whereas mean transpulmonary gradient and pulmonary vascular resistance in Wood units, determined by right heart catheterization, were 16.80 +/- 8.80 and 6.57 +/- 3.22, respectively.
lasix 30 mg
Nephrotoxicity of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is associated with other risk factors (volume-depletion) and may be secondary to functional changes mediated by the inhibition of renal cyclooxygenases. Acute anti-inflammatory doses of flosulide and indomethacin were determined on carrageenan paw edema and its effects on renal plasma flow (RPF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were studied in normovolemic and hypovolemic rats. In normovolemic rats, flosulide increased RPF and GFR (25 mg/kg) and indomethacin (5-10 mg/kg) was without effect. Volume-depleted rats were obtained by oral furosemide (32 mg/kg), urinary eicosanoids were determined. After furosemide, plasma volume, RPF and GFR and PGE2 decreased. Treatment of hypovolemic rats with flosulide (5-25 mg/kg) or indomethacin 10 mg/kg reduced RPF and GFR. Flosulide at 5 mg/kg reduced 6-keto-PGF1alpha whereas at 25 mg/kg and after indomethacin at 10 mg/kg a fall in 6-keto-PGF1alpha and TXB2 appeared. Our data suggest that acute COX-2 selective inhibition may alter renal function.
lasix normal dosage
An 80-year-old female was admitted to our emergency Coronary Unit presenting symptoms and signs of shock with acute pulmonary edema. Patient was hospitalised at the Opthalmological Department with intention to undergo cataract surgery. Approximately, four hours before operation, half a tablet of acetazolamide 250 mg was given, in order to control her pre-operative intraocular pressure. Half an hour later, she complained of nausea, became cyanotic, and suffered acute respiratory failure with characteristic massive pulmonary edema. Ventilatory support was initiated and O2 saturation increased to 89%. She was administered 2 ampoules of intravenously furosemide. The blood chemistry panel was normal, as well as myocardial cytolysis tests. Chest radiograph showed enlarged cardiothoracic index, ill-defined vessels, peribronchial cuffing, alveolar edema. An echocardiogram showed normal atria and ventricles, normal systolic function, and excluded pulmonary hypertension. Furosemide (40 mg/IV, S: 1x3) and oxygen (8 Lt/min) were administered for the following 24 hours. Clinical improvement was seen and the O2 saturation was normalized. ECG controls were normal. The patient experienced a full recovery and was discharged 3 days later.
Overlap between urinary and tumor radioactivity was observed in 8 of 133 scans (6%) in patients who receive furosemide and in 3 of 33 scans (9%) in patients who did not receive furosemide. The SUVmax and SUVmed for the bladder were significantly lower in patients who were pretreated with furosemide (SUVmax, 6.3; SUVmed, 4.6) than patients who were not pretreated with furosemide (SUVmax, 8.8 [P ≤ 0.008]; SUVmed, 6.5 [P ≤ 0.002]). The tumor SUVmax and SUVmed were similar between the patient groups.
3 mg lasix
The model would provide a simplified clinical score stratifying the risk of postoperative AKI in patients undergoing aortic surgery.
lasix 711 pill
Multivariate calibration methods that use fluorescence data for the simultaneous determination of furosemide and triamterene were developed. One of the most salient advantages of them is that the vast amount of information provided by the whole spectrum of the sample is not required. This makes analyses simple and fast. The methods require selecting chemometric parameters such as the specific spectral region and number of factors to be used. Both spectral region and number of factors are selected, simultaneously, by minimising the prediction residual error sum of squares (PRESS). The proposed methods were used for the simultaneous determination of the two drugs in real samples (pharmaceutical preparations) with no excipient separation pre-treatment, with furosemide and triamterene contents of 1.68E-3 to 4.31E-2 and 1.03E-3 to 3.12E-2mugml(-1), respectively; as well as that of triamterene at concentrations of 5.00E-4 to 5.80E-3mugml(-1) in urine samples. The ability to construct the calibration validation sets directly from the urine samples itself avoids the need to consider matrix interferences or to pre-treat the sample and/or separate some analytes The results were quite good in all cases.
lasix max dose
A previously healthy 64-year-old woman attended our hospital with chest pain, facial edema, and general fatigue. A chest radiograph revealed cardiomegaly, small bilateral pleural effusions, and hilar congestion--findings that improved after early therapy with furosemide and methyldigoxin. A chest radiograph recorded 7 years earlier had revealed no dilation of cardiac shadow. There were no findings suggesting atrial septal defect (ASD) or valvular heart disease. Echocardiography revealed a tumor-like mass adhering to the posterior wall of the left atrium. Color-flow Doppler echocardiography revealed a left-to-right shunt at the atrial level. The Qp/Qs ratio as measured by cardiac catheterization was 2.0. Coronary angiography revealed abnormal dilated arteries from the atrioventricular nodal branch and several feeding arteries from the left circumflex branch. We hypothesized that the left-to-right shunt could be due to the tumor, which extended to the rim of the patent foramen ovale, or to the very small, previously unrecognized, ASD. This patient died 6 months after her first admission and an autopsy was performed. Light microscopic examination of the tumor revealed spindle-shaped fibroblast-like cells arranged in a storiform or fascicular pattern. The immunohistochemical findings were consistent with malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). In the literature, left-to-right shunt at the atrial level has not been reported in patients with cardiac MFH.
lasix gtt dose
Chemical modification of GPb with a T3 derivative allows the development of a simple homogeneous enzyme immunoassay for T3 in unextracted serum.
lasix generic name
Despite advances in medicine, chronic systolic heart failure (CHF) due to hypertension still constitutes a serious clinical challenge.
lasix 80mg tab
Torasemide is a long-acting loop diuretic that combines the effects of both furosemide and spironolactone. It has been reported that torasemide but not furosemide might attenuate myocardial remodeling accompanied by left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. However, nothing is known about the effect of torasemide, long-acting loop diuretic and spironolactone, an aldosterone receptor antagonist in a rat model of chronic heart failure (CHF). Therefore, we compared the therapeutic effects of torasemide, furosemide and spironolactone on the progression of LV remodeling in a rat model of CHF after experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM). EAM was elicited in Lewis rats by immunization with porcine cardiac myosin. Twenty-eight days after immunization, rats were treated for 28 days with torasemide, furosemide and spironolactone. Diuretic actions, heart weight/body weight, heart rate, mean blood pressure, myocardial function by echocardiography, cardiac fibrosis, myocyte diameter and cardiac aldosterone synthetase (CYP11B2) were evaluated. Increased cardiac CYP11B2, severe LV remodeling and resultant cardiac dysfunction was found in CHF rats, whereas decreased cardiac CYP11B2, less remodeling and improvement of cardiac function were found in torasemide- and spironolactone-treated CHF rats. Our results indicate that torasemide and spironolactone treatment significantly improved cardiac function and LV remodeling compared with furosemide treatment.
lasix 100 mg
One of the most challenging dilemmas in pediatric urology today is to determine the optimal management of children with hydronephrotic kidney secondary to suspected ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Some believe in early surgical management while others believe in conservative management. To better define these issues, the authors retrospectively reviewed 101 patients with hydronephrosis.
lasix generic brand
Albumin is the main cofactor required by the diuretics tested for direct relaxant action in vitro, and these findings may explain some of the contradictory evidence concerning this action in the literature.
lasix fluid pill
Calbindin-D28k (CBD-28k) is a calcium binding protein located in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT) and plays an important role in active calcium transport in the kidney. Loop and thiazide diuretics affect renal Ca and Mg handling: both cause Mg wasting, but have opposite effects on Ca excretion as loop diuretics increase, but thiazides decrease, Ca excretion. To understand the role of CBD-28k in renal Ca and Mg handling in response to diuretics treatment, we investigated renal Ca and Mg excretion and gene expression of DCT Ca and Mg transport molecules in wild-type (WT) and CBD-28k knockout (KO) mice. Mice were treated with chlorothiazide (CTZ; 50 mg · kg(-1) · day(-1)) or furosemide (FSM; 30 mg · kg(-1) · day(-1)) for 3 days. To avoid volume depletion, salt was supplemented in the drinking water. Urine Ca excretion was reduced in WT, but not in KO mice, by CTZ. FSM induced similar hypercalciuria in both groups. DCT Ca transport molecules, including transient receptor potential vanilloid 5 (TRPV5), TRPV6, and CBD-9k, were upregulated by CTZ and FSM in WT, but not in KO mice. Urine Mg excretion was increased and transient receptor potential subfamily M, member 6 (TRPM6) was upregulated by both CTZ and FSM in WT and KO mice. In conclusion, CBD-28k plays an important role in gene expression of DCT Ca, but not Mg, transport molecules, which may be related to its being a Ca, but not a Mg, intracellular sensor. The lack of upregulation of DCT Ca transport molecules by thiazides in the KO mice indicates that the DCT Ca transport system is critical for Ca conservation by thiazides.