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Vantin

Generic Vantin is a high-class medication which is taken in treatment and termination of serious infections such as pneumonia, gonorrhea, bronchitis, infection of skin, bladder, urinary tract, nose, throat and ear, sinus infections, tonsillitis. Generic Vantin acts as an anti-infection remedy. Generic Vantin operates by killing bacteria which spreads by infection.

Other names for this medication:
Belpro, Cefdolife, Cefdox, Cefirax, Cefobid, Cefodox, Cefolex, Cefomin, Cefoprox, Cefpodoxim, Cefpodoxima, Cefpodoximum, Cefpolek, Ceftils, Cepdoxim, Cepodem, Cepodix, Desbac, Dofixim, Edrigard, Instana, Kindcef, Orelox, Otreon, Pedicef, Pocef, Podomexef, Podoxi, Rovantin, Sefox, Sepoxym, Starin, Starpod, Tambac, Taxetil, Trucef, Vanacefan, Victorin, Vikcef-o, Weijiexin, Ximeprox, Ximocef, Yob, Zuef-o

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Also known as:  Cefpodoxime.

Description

Generic Vantin is created by pharmacy specialists to struggle with dangerous infections (infection of skin, bladder, urinary tract, nose, throat and ear, pneumonia, gonorrhea, bronchitis, sinus infections, tonsillitis). Target of Generic Vantin is to control, ward off and terminate bacteria.

Generic Vantin acts as an anti-infection remedy. Generic Vantin operates by killing bacteria which spreads by infection.

Vantin is also known as Cefpodoxime proxetil, Cefocep.

Generic Vantin and other antibiotics don't treat viral infections (flu, cold and other).

Generic Vantin is cephalosporins.

Generic name of Generic Vantin is Cefpodoxime.

Brand name of Generic Vantin is Vantin.

Dosage

Generic Vantin can be taken in tablets (200 mg), liquid forms. You should take it with water by mouth.

Generic Vantin treats different types of bacterial infections. Thus, for each treatment it has different dosage instructions.

It is better to take Generic Vantin 2 times a day for 7-14 days.

It is better to take Generic Vantin tablets every day at the same time with meals. Its liquid forms are taken with meals or without it.

Do not stop taking Generic Vantin suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Vantin and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Vantin overdosage: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, nausea, retching.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. After mixing the suspension store in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away unused portion after fourteen days. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

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The most common side effects associated with Vantin are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not use Generic Vantin if you are allergic to Generic Vantin components.

Be careful with Generic Vantin if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby. Avoid breast-feeding.

Do not use Generic Vantin in case of taking antacids as Tums, Maalox, Rolaids or other stomach acid reducers as Axid, Protonix, Zantac, Aciphex, Tagamet, Prilosec, Nexium, Pepcid, Prevacid.

Be careful with Generic Vantin in case of having allergy to cephalosporins (Ceftin, Duricef, Ceclor, Keflex).

Be careful with Generic Vantin usage in case of having kidney or liver disease, colitis, stomach problems.

Try to be careful with Generic Vantin usage in case of taking antibiotics, loop diuretic (furosemide, bumetanide as Bumex, torsemide as Demadex); probenecid as Benemid; warfarin as Coumadin; ethacrynic acid as Edecrin.

Use Generic Vantin with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).

Try to avoid machine driving.

Avoid alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Vantin taking suddenly.

vantin suspension

Ten healthy volunteers were given 200 mg cefpodoxime proxetil tablets every 12 h and ten volunteers received 500 mg amoxicillin tablets every 8 h for seven days and the impact of the agents on the oral and intestinal microflora was studied. In the oral microflora, only minor alterations were observed in both groups. In subjects receiving cefpodoxime proxetil, the numbers of streptococci, enterobacteria and clostridia were strongly reduced in the faecal flora, while there was an overgrowth of enterococci, yeasts and Clostridium difficile. Amoxicillin administration induced somewhat smaller alterations in the faecal microflora, although all subjects had overgrowth of new colonizing amoxicillin resistant microorganisms, mainly Escherichia coli, Klebsiella and Enterobacter. Beta-lactamase activity was detected in the flora of six volunteers from each group.

vantin antibiotic medication

To determine whether cefpodoxime is noninferior to ciprofloxacin for treatment of acute cystitis.

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The proposed HPTLC method can be applied for identification and quantitative determination of cefpodoxime proxetil in both bulk drug and pharmaceutical formulation.

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A number of oral third-generation cephalosporins (cefixime, cefetamet pivoxil, ceftibuten and cefpodoxime proxetil) have been widely trialled and are becoming available. In addition, cefdinir may also be marketed. Compared with first- and second-generation agents, the oral third-generation cephalosporins have an improved antibacterial spectrum and reduced minimum inhibitory concentrations against common Gram-negative pathogens. In contrast, with the exception of cefdinir, they are less active against Staphylococcus aureus. They have favourable pharmacokinetic profiles and are generally administered in once- or twice-daily regimens. They are well tolerated, but cefixime has been associated with a particularly high rate of diarrhoea. Possible clinical indications for the use of oral third-generation cephalosporins include upper and lower respiratory, genitourinary and soft-tissue infections and follow-on treatment of severe infections requiring hospitalisation. At present, these drugs offer no particular clinical advantages over standard therapy in most circumstances. However, they may be considered where there is hypersensitivity to penicillins, a high incidence of resistance to first-line therapy in the community, or failure of standard therapy. Further studies are needed to define the efficacy of oral third-generation agents in the prevention of rheumatic fever and as follow-on therapy for severe infections. The oral third-generation cephalosporins are generally more expensive than standard agents, but detailed studies that include extended costs (e.g. treatment of adverse effects, treatment of clinical failure, return visits to physicians) have yet to be reported.

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The pharmacokinetics of the older and more recent oral cephalosporins are reviewed. With the exception of cefadroxil the older agents (cephalexin, cephradine and cefaclor) have serum elimination half-lives of less than or equal to 1 h and hence have to be administered three to four times daily. The urinary recovery of these agents is high (greater than 80% of oral dose) with the exception of cefaclor (54%). Cefaclor is also chemically unstable. The newer agents can be divided into those that are prodrugs (cefpodoxime proxetil and cefuroxime axetil) and compounds that are absorbed as such (cefixime, cefprozil and ceftibuten). They all have half-lives greater than 1.25 h and can be given once or twice daily. The penetration of these agents into an inflammatory exudate was studied and found to be cefixime 132%, ceftibuten 113%, cefpodoxime 104%, cefuroxime 92% and cefprozil 79% of the serum concentration. The penetration of cefpodoxime and cefixime into the respiratory tract was also studied; the mean percentage bronchial mucosal penetration was 52% for the former and 38% for cefixime. The urinary recovery of these newer agents (with the exception of ceftibuten) tends to be less than that of the earlier agents. There was a relationship between the serum elimination half-life of these agents and the degree of tissue penetration, those agents with longer half-lives penetrating to a greater extent.

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Podomexef 200 film tablets, 2x daily.

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One hundred and fifty female patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis were given 200 mg of CPDX-PR twice daily for 3-7 days to evaluate both its overall clinical efficacy and its adverse effects. In 82 cases (Group I) in which it was administered for 3 days, the overall clinical efficacy, evaluated by the criteria proposed by the Japanese UTI committee, was excellent in 64 cases, moderate in 17 and poor in one, with the effective rate being 98.8%. In 35 cases (Group II) in which it was administered for 4-7 days, the overall clinical efficacy was excellent in 18 cases, moderate in 15 and poor in 2, with the effective rate being 94.3%. The overall clinical evaluation was not performed in another 33 cases because they were given CPDX-PR for more than 8 days or 300 mg/day. Subjective adverse effects such as hoarseness and lingual inflammation were observed in only one of the 150 cases, but they disappeared spontaneously after the cessation of administration of CPDX-PR. These findings suggest that CPDX-PR is one of the most effective and safe antibiotic in the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis.

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Cefpodoxime proxetil is an orally administered prodrug which is converted in vivo to the third generation cephalosporin cefpodoxime. Cefpodoxime has a similar spectrum of antibacterial activity to the parenteral cephalosporins ceftriaxone and cefotaxime and a long elimination half-life, which allows once- or twice-daily administration. Cefpodoxime proxetil has proven efficacy in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and upper respiratory tract, skin and soft tissue and urinary tract infections. It has been evaluated for use in cost-containment programmes, as stepdown (parenteral-to-oral conversion) therapy in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and as abbreviated therapy in upper respiratory tract infections. Substituting oral for parenteral therapy can achieve considerable savings (in acquisition, delivery and labour costs). Moreover, oral administration has advantages for the patient in terms of comfort and mobility, avoids the hazards of parenteral delivery and may allow earlier discharge from hospital, or even allow home treatment from the outset in low-risk patients. As hospitalisation is usually the major cost component in treating serious infections, considerable savings can be made in this way. Pharmacy-driven stepdown programmes in 2 US hospitals have achieved cost savings by targeting patients with community-acquired pneumonia for early conversion from intravenous ceftriaxone therapy to oral cefpodoxime proxetil. Costs were compared with those from a control group of patients who continued to receive intravenous ceftriaxone until physicians deemed that oral therapy (with various agents) was appropriate. In one study, duration of parenteral therapy in the cefpodoxime proxetil group was reduced from 6.18 to 3.82 days and duration of hospitalisation was reduced from 10.06 to 6.23 days (p < 0.02), with corresponding hospitalisation cost reductions of $US7300 per patient. However, clinical trial data relating to the efficacy of cefpodoxime proxetil as stepdown therapy in patients initially requiring parenteral antibacterials are lacking. Abbreviated (4-to 7-day) cephalosporin regimens appear to be as effective as traditional 10-day penicillin regimens in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections. Short regimens may improve patient compliance and tolerability, thereby reducing the costs of adverse effects and treatment failures. Data from preliminary clinical studies suggest that a 5-day course of cefpodoxime proxetil is as effective as an 8-day course of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in treating either acute otitis media or sinusitis, and as effective as a 10-day course of amoxicillin/ clavulanic acid and more effective than a 10-day course of phenoxymethyl- penicillin in the treatment of pharyngotonsillitis. Cefpodoxime proxetil tended to be better tolerated and was associated with better compliance than penicillin-based regimens. Indeed, a pharmacoeconomic study showed that a 10-day regimen of cefpodoxime proxetil was associated with lower costs for treating adverse effects and treatment failures than a 10-day regimen of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in the treatment of acute otitis media in children. A 5-day course of cefpodoxime proxetil had a lower cost per patient treated per month free of recurrence than a 10-day course of phenoxymethylpenicillin (non-generic) or amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in the treatment of recurrent pharyngotonsillitis. Thus, evidence to date suggests that cefpodoxime proxetil has potential for use as stepdown therapy in community-acquired pneumonia and in abbreviated therapy courses in upper respiratory tract infections. These preliminary observations require confirmation in well designed studies.

vantin oral suspension

Cefpodoxime proxetil is a new oral esterified cephem antibiotic with a broad antibacterial spectrum. The dissolution of cefpodoxime proxetil is pH dependent. The objectives of this study were to characterize the pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime proxetil in two different oral doses and to examine possible interactions with an antacid, aluminum magnesium hydroxide (Maalox 70), and an H2 receptor antagonist, famotidine. Two studies involving the same 10 healthy volunteers were performed. In the first study, cefpodoxime proxetil was administered in two doses, 0.1 and 0.2 g. In the second study, two interventions were performed in a randomized crossover design. For one intervention, the volunteers were pretreated with 40 mg of famotidine 1 h before 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil was administered. In the second trial, participants were given 10 ml of Maalox 70 2 h and 10 ml of Maalox 70 15 min before they received 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil. Serum and urine concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. For the statistical evaluation, these data were tested by using the pharmacokinetics of 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil from the first study. The maximum concentrations were 1.19 +/- 0.32 mg/liter after 0.1 g of cefpodoxime proxetil and 2.54 +/- 0.64 mg/liter after 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil. The elimination half-lives were 149 min for 0.1 g and 172 min for 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil. The total increase in the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) was dose dependent. Combination with Maalox 70 caused a reduction in the AUC from 14.0 +/- 3.9 to 8.44 +/- 1.85 mg.h/liter. After famotidine, the AUC decreased to 8.36 +/- 2.0 mg . h/liter. Corresponding changes were registered for the maximum concentration of drug in serum, 24-h urine recovery, and the time to maximum concentration of drug serum. Cefpodoxime proxetil was well tolerated without any seriously adverse drug reactions.

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A simple, selective, precise, and stability-indicating high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method for analysis of cefpodoxime proxetil both in bulk and in pharmaceutical formulation has been developed and validated.

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The care strategy of pharyngitis has been changed dramatically these last years. Because of evolution of antibiotic resistance, the attitude which prevailed of the systematic treatment of pharyngitis in order to prevent a hypothetical acute rheumatic fever, could not persist. Discrimination between pharyngitis due to group A streptococcus (GAS) and nonstreptococcal pharyngitis (usually of viral causes) cannot be made in a reliable way by the clinical signs and symptoms, even if clinical scores are used. The free availability to practitioners of GAS rapid diagnostic tests, sensitive (>90%) and specific (>95%), changes the rule by simplifying it: pharyngitis with positive test must be treated with antibiotics, those with negative test should not be received such treatment. A reduction of two thirds of antibiotics consumption for pharyngitis can be expected, while maintaining the benefit (improvement of the clinical signs, reduction of contagiousness and the complications) for the patients for whom it is necessary. Because of GAS resistance to macrolides and the absence of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, a compound belonging of this last family should be prescribed and for a short treatment duration: amoxicillin (50 mg/kg/j, b.i.d for 6 days), cefpodoxime proxetil (8 mg/kg/j b.i.d for 5 days), cefuroxime axetil (30 mg/kg/j b.i.d for 4 days).

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Cefpodoxime proxetil, a new oral cephalosporin, is the prodrug ester of cefpodoxime. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of RU 51746 (sodium salt of cefpodoxime: CPD) were evaluated by agar dilution for 1 696 bacterial strains isolated in 5 hospitals. For Enterobacteriaceae, MIC 50 and 90% were respectively (micrograms/ml): (1) naturally non bêtalactamase producing species: E. coli, Shigella and Salmonella 0.25-0.5; P. mirabilis 0.06-0.12. (II) chromosomal penicillinase producing species: Klebsiella 0.12-1. (III) chromosomal cephalosporinase producing species: E. cloacae and C. freundii 2-greater than 128; S. marcescens 2-64; indole + Proteus 0.25-64; P. stuartii 0.25-16. Activity of CPD was not modified on plasmid mediated penicillinase producing strains, but CPD was inactive on cephalosporinase hyperproducing strains, and on broad spectrum bêtalactamases producing strains. CPD was inactive on P. aeruginosa (MIC greater than or equal to 64) and on A. baumannii (16-pi 128). Haemophilus, regardless on bêtalactamase production status, were very susceptible to CPD (MIC less than or equal to 0.25) and B. catarrhalis was generally inhibited by 0.12 to 1. CPD was poorly active on methicillin susceptible Staphylococci (MIC 50 and 90%: 2-4) and inactive on methicillin resistant strains. Enterococci and Listeria monocytogenes were generally resistant; Streptococci A, B, C, G and Pneumococci were inhibited by low concentration: 0.002 to 0.25 (MIC 50 and 90%: 0.016-0.032) whereas MIC for other Streptococci were 0.004 to 32 (MIC 50 and 90%: 0.25-4). These antibacterial properties placed CPD in excellent position among oral cephalosporins.

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generic vantin 100mg 2016-12-23

This European, multicentre trial evaluated the Vardenafil Levitra Reviews efficacy and tolerance of cefpodoxime proxetil in comparison with co-amoxiclav (amoxycillin plus clavulanic acid) in the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. The study design was double-blind and double-placebo controlled. Doses of either 200 mg bd of cefpodoxime proxetil or 500 mg/125 mg tds amoxycillin plus clavulanic acid were given orally for 9.6 +/- 1.8 days. Two hundred and fifty-one patients were enrolled in 27 centres in West Germany, France, and Italy. The overall clinical efficacy was 97.2% in the cefpodoxime proxetil group compared with 94.7% in the co-amoxiclav group. Fifty-eight adverse events, mainly gastrointestinal, occurred in 42 patients with no significant difference between the groups. A significant difference in the number of resistant pathogens on pre-treatment culture to the advantage of cefpodoxime was noted. In our experience, both drugs were of similar value in the treatment of respiratory tract infections. Thus, cefpodoxime proxetil should be an effective antibiotic for the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis.

vantin medication 2017-06-18

Although it varies from country to country, there is a worrying worldwide increase in antibiotic resistance among pathogens causing otitis. This has led to a search for therapeutic alternatives to the reference treatment, which is still amoxicillin in many countries. Cefpodoxime proxetil is one such alternative. Six comparative randomized trials of cefpodoxime proxetil in childhood acute otitis media have been published or presented at international conferences. They involved a total of 1188 patients, 658 of whom received cefpodoxime proxetil and 530 of whom received the comparator drug (amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in 3 trials, cefaclor in 1, and cefixime in 2); duration of treatment varied from 5 days for cefpodoxime proxetil to 10 days for amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, and the age of the children included ranged from 2 months to 12 years. The clinical efficacy of cefpodoxime proxetil was at least equivalent to that of the comparators in 4 trials and significantly better in 2 trials. Firstly, in one study vs. amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, the superiority of cefpodoxime proxetil (8 mg/kg/day twice daily) in terms of healing at the end of treatment and in terms of the number of normal tympanograms at the follow-up visit was shown. Secondly, in a study performed by our group, vs. cefixime, cefpodoxime proxetil (8 mg/kg/day twice daily) showed a better Cialis 5mg Online healing rate at the end of treatment in febrile and painful acute otitis media. The microbiologic and pharmacokinetic data show that cefpodoxime proxetil is one of the most active compounds against Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

vantin and alcohol 2016-09-11

Cefpodoxime proxetil (CP) is a prodrug with poor oral bioavailability because of its metabolism to Cefpodoxime acid (CA) in luminal contents and intestinal epithelial cells. In the present investigation, regional variability in different segments of the gastrointestinal tract vis-à-vis solubility and metabolism were investigated, and the results indicated potential for a gastro retentive (GR) dosage form. Suitability of a GR dosage from for CP and finally in vivo efficacy were investigated. Thereafter, an effervescent floating GR dosage form was developed for CP and evaluated in rats. The GR dosage form improved the oral bioavailability of CP significantly by about 75%, hence providing a proof-of-concept. The Tmax value increased to 1.43+/-0.24 h from 0.91+/-0.23 h of pure drug, while Cmax values of 4735+/-802 ng/ml and 3094+/-567 ng Casodex Drug /ml were obtained for the GR dosage form and pure drug respectively.

vantin antibiotic medication 2017-03-02

Cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR, CS-807) was given orally to 18 children with acute bacterial infections including 10 with acute tonsillitis, 3 with acute bronchitis, 1 with pneumonia, 3 with staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome and 1 with infectious impetigo. Nexium Medication Daily dosages per kg bodyweight ranging from 7.5 to 18 mg were given in 2 or 3 divided doses per day for 5 to 15 days. Clinical responses were excellent in 3 (16.7%), good in 11 (61.1%), fair in 4 (22.2%) and poor in 0 (0%), with an overall efficacy rate of 77.8%. Good bacteriological responses were obtained in 6 out of the 7 cases from which pathogens were identified. No side effect was observed. The above results suggest that CPDX-PR is a useful new oral cephalosporin derivative for the treatment of bacterial infections in children.

vantin reviews 2015-11-30

Thirty healthy volunteers in three groups participated in a study of the effect on the intestinal microflora of oral supplementation with Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus and oligofructose, an indigestible oligosaccharide, during oral administration of cefpodoxime proxetil bd for 7 days. Those in group A also received an oral supplement with c.1011 cfu of B. longum BB 536 and L. acidophilus NCFB 1748 and 15 g oligofructose daily, those Hytrin 1mg Tablets in group B received a supplement with oligofructose only and those in group C received placebo, for 21 days. In all three groups there was a marked decrease in aerobic microorganisms, involving mainly a rapid and almost complete disappearance of Escherichia coli (P: < 0.05) during antimicrobial administration and, thereafter, an overgrowth of enterococci (P: < 0.05). The number of intestinal yeasts also increased significantly (P: < 0.05) in groups A and B over the same period. There was a dramatic decrease in anaerobic microorganisms on day 4 of administration, mainly caused by loss of bifidobacteria (P: < 0.05) in all groups. The number of lactobacilli also decreased but was significantly higher in group A than in group C at the end of cefpodoxime proxetil administration. Clostridium difficile was found in only one person from group A, but six persons each in groups B and C. Of the bifidobacterial strains isolated from the faecal samples in group A, one was similar to the strain of B. longum administered, but most volunteers were colonized by several different strains of B. longum during the investigation period. The administered strain of L. acidophilus was recovered from six patients in group A.

vantin dosing 2015-04-07

This report describes the results of a review that was done to compare, from the patients' and their parents' perspective, costs involved in treating acute otitis media in children with amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium or cefpodoxime proxetil. The following costs were included in the analysis: average wholesale price of the initial antibiotic prescribed, cost of initial and follow-up physician visits for additional treatment, antibiotics for treatment failures, and medications Luvox Positive Reviews and products required to manage side effects. The amount of time that parents were required to take off work or school to deal with treatment failures or side effects in their children and the number of times that parents phoned the physician about side effects were also monitored. The acquisition costs of the initial antibiotics were slightly higher for patients who received cefpodoxime proxetil than for those who were given amoxicillin/clavulanate. However, the total costs were greater with amoxicillin/clavulanate therapy. In addition, the time that parents were required to take to deal with treatment failures or side effects in their children was greater in the amoxicillin/clavulanate group. More parents from the amoxicillin/clavulanate group also phoned their physicians about side effects. The results of this review confirm that there are many factors in addition to acquisition cost that must be considered when determining the total cost of treating a patient with a specific drug.

vantin renal dosing 2015-08-19

Cefpodoxime proxetil is a new third generation oral cephalosporin, which shows potent antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and high stability in the presence of beta-lactamases. Low concentrations of cefpodoxime inhibit most respiratory pathogens, including Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis. Cefpodoxime reaches concentrations of 0.24 +/- 0.06 mg/kg in tonsils, 0.89 +/- 0.80 mg/kg in lung parenchyma, and 0.91 +/- 0.01 mg/kg in bronchial mucosa; these values exceed Amaryl 86 Mg by far the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of cefpodoxime for respiratory pathogens. Preliminary clinical studies were carried out in 181 patients with upper respiratory tract infections: the results indicated an overall clinical response in 88.4% of patients; in 30% the clinical efficacy was excellent and in 58.5% it was good. Further studies showed clinical cure in 90.3% of patients with pharyngotonsillitis, and clinical efficacy (cure plus improvement) in 95% of those with acute sinusitis. Moreover, bacterial eradication was obtained in 78 to 96.7% of cases, most of which involved H. influenzae, streptococci, or M. catarrhalis. Cefpodoxime appears to be an effective new antibacterial that can be recommended as a drug of first choice in the treatment of most upper respiratory tract infections.

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To report a case of renal toxicity associated with administration of Diovan Overdose Symptoms indinavir sulfate in a pediatric hemophiliac with HIV infection.

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End-of-therapy clinical cure rates in evaluable patients were 56% for the cefpodoxime group and 54% for the cefixime group. Clinical improvement rates were 27% for both groups. Clinical response rates were not significantly different between Detrol Overdose Symptoms treatment groups (P = .541; 95% confidence interval = -8.1%, 15.2%). At long-term follow-up, 17% of patients in the cefpodoxime group and 20% in the cefixime group had a recurrence of infection. Drug-related adverse events (eg, diarrhea, diaper rash, vomiting, rash) occurred in 23.3% of cefpodoxime-treated patients and 17.9% of cefixime-treated patients (P = .282).

vantin tablets 2017-01-28

One hundred and fifty female patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis were given 200 mg of CPDX-PR twice daily for 3-7 days to evaluate both its overall clinical efficacy and its adverse effects. In 82 cases (Group I) in which it was administered for 3 days, the overall clinical efficacy, evaluated by the criteria proposed by the Japanese UTI committee, was excellent in 64 cases, moderate in 17 and poor in one, with the effective rate being 98.8%. In 35 cases (Group II) in which it was administered for 4-7 days, the overall clinical efficacy was excellent in 18 cases, moderate in 15 and poor in 2, with the effective rate being 94.3%. The overall clinical evaluation was not performed in another 33 cases because they were given CPDX-PR for more Lipitor Tablets than 8 days or 300 mg/day. Subjective adverse effects such as hoarseness and lingual inflammation were observed in only one of the 150 cases, but they disappeared spontaneously after the cessation of administration of CPDX-PR. These findings suggest that CPDX-PR is one of the most effective and safe antibiotic in the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis.

vantin medicine 2016-09-11

A total of 180 children aged between 4 and 14 years with recurrent pharyngotonsillitis were randomized to receive either cefpodoxime proxetil (100 mg twice a day, 6 days a month for 6 months) or placebo (at the same dosage).

vantin antibiotic dosage 2016-03-02

The effects of gastric motility on the pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime proxetil, an oral, broad spectrum, third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic were evaluated in 12 healthy subjects. In this open-label, crossover trial, each subject took a 200 mg dose (two 100 mg film-coated tablets) in each study period. There was an initial fasting period followed by a control period and then either a propantheline or metoclopramide period. Gastric motility was measured using [99mTc]-labeled sulfur colloid in oatmeal in the control, propantheline and metoclopramide periods. Treatment with propantheline or metoclopramide was given 30 min before dosing with the antibiotic and the radioisotope. Serial images with a gamma counter were made every 15 min for 2 h. Gastric emptying time was faster than control with metoclopramide, but generally slower with propantheline than control. The mean peak plasma concentration, mean area under plasma concentration time curve and mean half-life of cefpodoxime proxetil were similar in all groups as compared to control. The mean time to peak plasma concentration was delayed in the propantheline period and peak plasma concentrations were greater at all sampling times at six hours after dosing. This study utilized the gastric nuclear scan with modification of gastric motility by metoclopramide and propantheline and with simultaneous determination of the disposition of cefpodoxime proxetil to understand the absorption of the drug.

vantin generic name 2017-02-01

Acute otitis media (AOM) is diagnosed based on visualization of a full or bulging tympanic membrane with middle ear effusion. The distribution of bacteria causing AOM in North America under the influence of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination and antibiotic selection pressure has resulted in a predominance of β-lactamase-producing Haemophilus influenzae followed by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Although guidelines continue to endorse amoxicillin as the preferred treatment, amoxicillin/clavulanate in high dosage would be the preferred treatment based on the otopathogen mix currently. Antibiotic prophylaxis has fallen into disfavor as a preventative strategy for AOM recurrences.

vantin generic 2017-02-22

Cross-contamination is a critical issue for pharmaceutical manufacturing, especially for beta-lactam antibiotics. Thus, an analytical method for the simultaneous determination of beta-lactam antibiotics cefmetazole (CMZ) and cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDXPR) contaminants in non-beta-lactam pharmaceuticals was developed using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The developed method was found to be sensitive at the detection limit of 0.002 ppm for both compounds. Mean recoveries of CMZ and CPDXPR from olmesartan medoxomil (OLM) tablets were 96.7 to 102.2% and 88.9 to 94.2%, respectively. The developed method was successfully applied for the verification of CMZ and CPDXPR contamination to actually manufactured OLM tablets.

vantin drug class 2015-12-11

The effect of a high-fat meal and the timing of this meal on the absorption of a 400-mg oral dose of cefpodoxime proxetil was evaluated in 20 healthy, adult, male volunteers in a four-way crossover study. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve, peak plasma concentration, and urinary recovery were significantly greater (P = .0001) after administration of cefpodoxime proxetil tablets with and 2 hours after a meal relative to dosing under fasted conditions or 1 hour before a meal. The time to peak concentration did not differ significantly among treatments, which suggests that food did not affect the rate of drug absorption. These results indicate that absorption of cefpodoxime proxetil is enhanced when tablets are taken with food or shortly after a meal.